Keto Diet Foods – Benefits, Foods to Eat and What to Avoid

Hiral Patel

March 21, 2023

Keto diets have become uber-trendy in recent years. A high-fat, low-carb meal plan has taken over the diet industry given its weight loss capabilities.

Does the ketogenic diet really have therapeutic uses as endorsed by its proponents or is it just another hazard of diet culture? Let us find out.

What is Keto Diet?

A keto or ketogenic diet is characterised by deficient carbohydrates, moderate proteins, and high-fat consumption.

The diet is mainly 65% – 80% fat, while the remainder is protein and carbs. The goal of keto diets is to make your body burn fats for fuel replacing carbohydrates. 

Back in the 1920s, people used the keto diet to treat children with epilepsy. Over time, it has become popular as a weight-loss diet.

There exist different variations of the keto diet. They differ in consuming food groups – carbohydrates, protein, and fat.

  • Standard ketogenic diet: The daily meal plan of a person following a normal ketogenic diet consists of only 10% carbs, 20% protein, and 70% fats.
  • High protein ketogenic diet: The protein ratio increases to 35% while decreasing the daily fat consumption to 60% and carbs to 5%.
  • Cyclical ketogenic diet: You can follow a cyclical keto diet with five days for the standard keto plan and two days for high-carb intake.
  • Targeted ketogenic diet: You can enter into an alternative keto plan if you’re physically active. It allows carb consumption before a workout.

Ketosis – The Mechanism Behind Keto Diet

A ketogenic diet focuses on substantially lowering carbohydrate consumption and substituting that with a higher fat intake.

The resultant reduction in the number of carbohydrates leads to a metabolic condition known as ketosis. After this, the body starts to burn fat to release energy effectively. It leads to the conversion of fats into ketones in the liver. The converted ketones provide energy to the brain. 

Ketosis happens due to drastic restrictions on carbohydrate intake and a decrease in the availability of glucose (sugar), the primary energy source for the cells.

In simpler terms, when you deprive the body of carbohydrates, it begins to search elsewhere for energy. In this case, fats burn. And this is what helps you to lose weight.

Best Foods to Eat During Keto Diet

1. Fatty seafood

Rich in heart-healthy omega-3 fats, salmon is a fatty fish that qualifies for a keto meal due to its low carbs.

One hundred grams of salmon contains 21.6 g of protein, 5.93 of g fats, and zero carbs. You may also go for other options, including shrimp, sardines, tuna, scallops, and trout, rich in high-quality protein.

Edible shellfish such as mussels, lobsters, oysters, clams, and crabs are low-carb, protein-rich, and keto-friendly. For example, 100 grams of crab meat provides 20 g of protein, 1.76 g of fat, and zero carbs.

2. Keto-safe Veggies

Most vegetables are high in carbohydrates, but zucchini, tomatoes, cucumbers, cauliflower, bell peppers, and squash are low in carb ratio. Non-starchy vegetables are low in carbohydrates and calories and high in fibre to keep your gut healthy.

You can also include lettuce, spinach, eggplant, asparagus, and olives in your keto diet. One hundred grams of spinach, lettuce, and asparagus contain no more than 2 grams of net carbs.

The antioxidants present in these vegetables help protect the body against free radicals that cause cell damage.

3. Nuts and Seeds

Walnuts, pecans, almonds, hazelnuts, pine nuts, peanuts, and macadamias are the best nuts to choose from while on a keto diet.

That is because nuts are laden with polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fats without any high carbohydrates. For example, one hundred grams of macadamia nuts contain 75.8 grams of fats.

You can include seeds such as sunflower, sesame, hemp, pumpkin, flax, and chia seeds in your keto diet. Oil-rich seeds add flavour and crunch to your monotonous keto meals without compromising fat content. However, make sure to consume seeds and nuts in moderation.

4. Berries

While most fruits are high in carbs, berries are an exception. They’re relatively lower in carbs and are rich in fibre. Strawberries, raspberries, blackberries, and blueberries make a great addition to your Keto meal plan. However, the intake of blueberries must be in moderation as they contain the highest amount of carbs out of all berries.

One hundred grams of raspberries give you 5 grams of net carbs, while 100 grams of blueberries have 12 grams of net carbs. The bonus is that berries keep your sweet tooth satisfied.

5. Dairy and Eggs

Add more cheese to your keto meals. It’s high in fat and has fewer carbohydrates. Plus, as long as you’re not allergic, you can include full-fat yoghurts, cottage cheese, sour cream, butter, and whipping cream. Harder cheese like Parmesan has fewer carbs than soft cheese. Swiss cheese or semi-hard cheese are good options too.

The solid fat content in dairy takes time to digest and helps you stay full for a more extended period. As a result, it can help you snack less. Furthermore, dairy enriched keto meal supplies vitamin D, phosphorus, and calcium.

Eggs are the staple of the ketogenic diet. Eggs provide protein, antioxidants, and other essential nutrients with low carbs and high fats. Hence, one large egg gives you 6 grams of protein and no more than 1 gram of carbs. Whole eggs, egg yolks and egg whites are the main protein and fat sources in keto breakfasts.

6. Oils and Fats

Around 70%-80% of daily energy comes from fats in a keto diet. Plant-based oils are the purest fat source as they contain zero carbs, making them a must-have in keto diets. Your low-carb lifestyle requires oil for cooking, dressing, and frying. One tablespoon of extra virgin olive oil contains 14 grams of fat and zero carbohydrates. Another higher fat option is coconut oil. It is high in saturated fats and used in keto recipes.

Ghee is famous in Indian households. Organic cow ghee is a beneficial fat source and ketogenic diet-friendly. It can be used in baking, sautéing, deep-frying, etc. Butter, avocado oil, and animal fats are options worth trying.

7. Beverages 

It is OK to consume unsweetened coffee, green tea, black tea, and non-dairy milk alternatives. Every once in a while, you can enjoy sweeteners like sucralose and stevia.

Make sure to drink hard liquor, champagne, and dry wine sparingly. Although diet sodas are technically keto drinks, they’re not a healthy choice. Another option is sparkling water which is free of net carbs.

8. Snacks

A few slices of bacon, a few olives, and a slice of cheese is an excellent low-carb choice. In addition, you can snack on a small portion of nuts such as Brazil nuts, pecans, and macadamia nuts.

A popular snack choice in the ketogenic diet is the lowest-carb vegetable sticks with dip. The dip usually contains high-fat dipping sauce, sour cream, or cream cheese. Heavy whipping cream and berries without adding sweeteners or sugar make an enjoyable keto snack.

5 Foods to Avoid on a Keto Diet Plan

Foods that are rich in carbs, and low on fats, must be avoided by any individual following a keto diet. Avoid eating the following foods while on a ketogenic diet.

1. Cereal

While sugary breakfast cereals are known to contain a lot of carbs, the amount of carbs present in healthy cereals will surprise you. One cup of regular or instant oatmeal provides 32 g of carbs, only 4 of which are fibre.

A bowl of cereal can easily help you cross the carb limit on a keto diet, even before the milk is added.

2. Juice

Fruit juice contains several important nutrients. However, they also contain fast-digesting carbs that cause one’s blood sugar levels to rise rapidly.

The liquid carbs in juice may not allow your brain to process them in the same way as solid carbs. Thus, drinking juice could lead to more hunger and increased craving for food later in the day.

3. Starchy Vegetables

Plenty of vegetables are high in fibre, thus aiding in weight loss and blood sugar control. However, some high-starch vegetables contain more digestible carbs than fibre, and should be avoided on a low-carb diet.

Ideally, vegetables like corn and sweet potato must be avoided while one is on a low-carb diet like the keto one is.

4. Sweetened Yogurt

While plain yogurt is fairly low in carbs, the sweetened version can contain as many carbs as a dessert. A cup of nonfat sweetened fruit yogurt can have almost 47 g of carbs, which is higher than the carbohydrate content for a similar serving of ice cream.

Ideally, sweetened yogurt can be replaced by Greek yogurt topped with blackberries or raspberries while on a keto diet.

5. Beans and Legumes

Beans and legumes provide several health benefits such as reduced risk of heart disease and inflammation. Although they are high in fiber, they do have a fair amount of carbs.

While you may include them in small amounts, it is better to avoid beans and legumes altogether while on a keto diet.

6 Proven Health Benefits Of Keto Diet

1. Manage Appetite

Studies indicate that the keto diet automatically reduces your appetite. Consistently following a low-carb diet with more protein and fats makes you consume fewer calories. When you’re feeling full, you won’t be looking for extra snacks to munch on. Thus, you end up eating fewer calories.

2. Increased Good Cholesterol Levels

One of the prime methods of adding good cholesterol to your body is through healthy fats.

Since keto diets involve high consumption of fats dramatically increase high-density lipoprotein or good cholesterol. Furthermore, high HDL levels lower the risk of heart disease.

3. Reduces Blood Sugar Levels

A study states that regularly following a keto diet lowers blood sugar. Since the eating plan cuts carbs off, the glucose levels in the body reduce. As you bring down the carb consumption through the keto diet, less sugar enters the bloodstream.

4. Fat and Weight Loss

Cutting carbs is the fastest way to reduce weight and burn fats. Studies analysing the keto diet explain that rapid weight loss usually occurs within 1-2 weeks.

Moreover, fat loss is evident in the abdominal cavity region. The Keto diet helps you lose weight without being hungry.

5. Boost Mental Health

Keto diet increases the intake of healthy fats like omega-3s that can improve learning ability and mood. The diet promotes the production of a ketone form called beta-hydroxybutyrate. It supports long-term memory function. 

6. Prevents Yeast Infections

The glucose in the urine is the breeding ground for yeast infections. The ketogenic diet reduces candida or yeast infections by lowering glucose to pass out through urine.

In addition, the intake of coconut oil in the keto diet supplies lauric acid to your body. As a result, it has antimicrobial properties and can kill off the infection-causing fungus. 

Potential Side Effects of Keto Diet

Before beginning the keto diet, you should know the possible side effects—particularly keto flu. The keto flu refers to a collection of symptoms that appear within the first 2-7 days of entering a keto diet. Your body’s response towards ketosis is similar to flu symptoms, thus the name keto flu. It can last anywhere between a week to a month for an average person.

After that, you may experience a cluster of symptoms such as diarrhoea, nausea, muscle aches, fatigue, and headache. In addition to keto flu, here’s the list of side effects that may help you decide whether or not you’d like to try the keto diet.

1. Keto breath

Keto-breath is a common side effect of the ketogenic diet and leads to a distinct taste or odour in the mouth. Some people describe it as a strong odour that mimics nail polish remover and a metallic taste.

However, a 2015 study shows that keto breath is different from common bad breath. Keto breath results from ketosis, whereas bad breath arises from bacterial buildup in the mouth.

2. Constipation

Constipation is a common side effect of the ketogenic diet and other low-carb diet plans. As you cut down high fibre foods like veggies, fruits, beans, and whole grains for curbing carbohydrate intake, you’re indirectly saying goodbye to prebiotic fibre. A reduction in prebiotic fibre alters the composition of intestinal bacteria, leading to constipation.

3. Reduced Athletic Performance

A recent study has noted that athletes following the keto diet show poor performance in high-intensity workout compared to those eating a high carb diet. During ketosis, the body is in an elevated acidic state that reduces its ability to perform at maximum potential.

4. Stress on Kidney

Protein metabolism is the kidney’s primary function. Unfortunately, most keto beginners end up taking up more protein with fats. When you start consuming way more protein than you need, the kidneys suffer more. It could harm kidney functions.

5. Mood Fluctuations

Carbohydrates play a salient role in producing serotonin, a brain chemical that regulates mood and helps you sleep better. Unfortunately, you may not get enough serotonin synthesis when you’re on a keto diet, leading to mood fluctuations.

Who Needs Keto Diet?

The ketogenic diet has gained attention in recent years. People have been following it widely to lose weight quickly. Regardless of their health conditions, people opt for the keto diet to lose weight. However, the true purpose of the popular ketogenic diet is much lesser-known.

In 1921, the ketogenic diet was started to treat epilepsy in children. Research suggested that a high-fat, low-carb diet may reduce seizures. The low-carb content is beneficial as it may reduce the excitability of the brain reducing the risk of seizures.

Studies also suggest that the popular keto diet may help in other medical conditions.

  • Dementia
  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • Brain injury
  • Acne
  • Cancer
  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
  • Cancer
  • Metabolic disorders

However, the ketogenic diet must be started only when prescribed by a physician. The minimum period for following a keto diet is 2-3 weeks. The maximum is upto 6-12 months. The body functions have to be closely monitored by the physician during the course. 

Who Should Not Opt For Keto Diet?

Studies suggest that patients with some diseases may avoid the keto diet. It may result in adverse health outcomes.

  • Liver diseases
  • Osteoporosis
  • Kidney disease
  • Genetic defects in fat metabolism
  • Pancreatitis
  • Carnitine deficiency
  • Porphyria  

If you have any of these conditions, it is advisable to avoid the keto diet. Talk to your medical healthcare professional and dietitian about alternative ways to lose weight.

Vegetarian vs Non-Vegetarian Keto Diet

Instead of fish and meat, vegetarian ketogenic diets rely on seeds, nuts, avocados, and coconut oil.

The low-carb eating pattern in non-vegetarian meals focuses on including fatty fish, meat, and eggs. Unlike the non-vegetarian keto diet, a vegetarian diet requires extensive planning to meet nutritional needs.

The vegetarian keto diet is not suitable for everyone, especially athletes, as it is highly restrictive. Foods to eat in a vegetarian keto diet include:

  • Non-starchy vegetables
  • Nut butter
  • Plant-based oils
  • Tofu and nutritional yeast
  • Herbs and seasonings

The foods eliminated in the vegetarian keto diet are present in the non-veg version—for example, meat, poultry, fish, and shellfish. Individually, a vegetarian diet and a keto diet have weight loss benefits. When combined, they offer additional weight loss benefits.

Vegetarian Indian Keto Sample Diet Chart

Early morningBlack coffee/ green tea 100ml with a tablespoon of butter or ghee
Breakfast100 g Paneer Bhurji or 1 glass of full fat soya/nut milk smoothie
Mid-morning50g celery or berries with 2 tablespoons peanut butter
LunchTandoori soy tikka 50g with cauliflower 100g and yoghurt 100g
Evening snackCoconut 30g with 1 tablespoon sesame seeds, and 100ml coconut milk
Dinner100g paneer with 50g spinach and 2 tablespoons coconut oil salad

Non-Vegetarian Indian Keto Sample Diet Chart

Early morningBlack coffee/ green tea 100ml with a tablespoon of butter or ghee
Breakfast3 boiled eggs or omelette
Mid-morning50g cucumber/berries with 2 tablespoons peanut butter
LunchMutton seekh kabab 200g with mint coriander raita 100ml
Evening snackCoconut 2 tablespoons with 1 tablespoon sesame seeds milkshake 100ml
DinnerChicken tikka 100g with 2 tablespoon sesame seed oil

If you’re  looking for a wider range of options when on Keto,  choose a tiny portion from the below alternatives:- 

Diary options: Paneer, high-fat cream, white butter.

Vegetarian options: Brinjals, beetroots, zucchini, bell peppers, spinach, cauliflower, kale, avocado, French beans, button mushrooms, bottle gourd.

Non-vegetarian options: Apart from vegetables, you can choose from chicken, lamb, fish (salmon, tuna, sardine), mutton and eggs.

Oil and clarified butter: As it is the primary source of energy, opt for ghee (clarified butter), coconut oil, olive oil, almond oil and other MCT oils that undergo minimal procession can be used.

Add-ons: Peanut butter and other nut butter are a high source of instant energy and can be added to salads, smoothies etc.

7 Sample Day Keto Diet Plan Chart

Day MaxCarbsBreakfastMid – morningLunchSnacksDinner
125 gScrambled eggs with sauteed onions and cheddar cheese 4 Almonds 25 g of Palak Paneer + 100 g of Cauliflower rice 3/4th medium zucchini cut into sticks and 1 cube cheese100 g stir fried Tofu with Broccoli and herb butter blend
225 gKeto Poha (made from Cauliflower florets) with 1/2 pottle of greek yoghurt1 boiled egg1 serving Tuna Celery Salad with mixed greens and 3 cherry tomatoes1 stalk celery with 2 tbsp cream cheeseTandoori Chicken (1.5 breasts) spinach Salad 
325 gSpinach and swiss cheese omelette1 glass of buttermilk100 g Grilled Chicken over baby spinach, tomato avocado salad1 bullet coffeeRohu Fish Tikka with lettuce salad and 2-3 olives 
425 gCheese and spinach omelette topped with avocado and salsa1 glass of buttermilk50 g mushroom saute’e with 50 g cauliflower cheddar cheese mash1/2 medium zucchini cut into sticks + 2 Tbsp peanut butterRomain lettuce salad with 2-3 cherry tomatoes + 1/4th Avocado + 100 g grilled Rohu Fish
525 g2 large eggs, 1/4th cup shredded cheeseGreen Tea with 1 Tbsp of MCT Oil50 g of Baigan ka Bhartha + Lettuce, cherry tomato and olive salad 1 cup sliced red bell pepper with 2 Tbsp Ranch dressing100 g Paneer Tikka + Lettuce, cherry tomatoes and olive salad 
625 g Red Bell pepper filled with creamy eggs and Spinach1 glass of buttermilkTuna Salad with 100 g tuna, 2 stalks celery, 1 dill pickle spear, 2 Tbsp of Mayonnaise1 boiled egg100 g of grlled Rohu fish+ 1 bowl of lettuce salad
725 g Almond flour pancakes 2 medium sized.5 whole snap peas and 50 g cheddar cheese150 g chicken breast over 2 cups Romaine lettuce with 5 radishes and 2 Tbsp Creamy Italian dressing2 stalks celery and 2 tbsp cream cheese100 g Grilled Rohu Fish + 50 g sauteed Broccoli

Keto Diets For Diabetes

Diabetic people can try keto to manage their blood sugar better. It might also help cut down and eventually stop using insulin medications or injections.

The keto diet helps lower blood sugar, and people may not need to take insulin as often. Science backs this up. A study says that people with type 2 diabetes were able to reduce their average blood glucose (sugar) levels and fasting glucose.

As a result, they were able to reduce or eliminate diabetes medications. However, you still need to monitor your blood glucose levels to ensure that you’re properly managing your diabetes. 

To understand this mechanism fully and get to know the potential, here’s an article for you: Ketogenic Diet For Type-2 Diabetes: Benefits and Side Effects

Keto Diet – Things to Remember

  • When trying the keto diet, restrict the intake of grains, sugar, tubers, fruits, legumes, sauces, and alcohol. Stick to low-carb food recipes and check the food labels for hidden sugars.
  • Avoid any drastic diet changes. Take one step at a time, and don’t overdo it. Before starting a keto diet, plan your meal according to your health and requirements. The next day, following a strict carb diet and jumping into pasta, cereals, and sandwiches won’t work.
  • Not drinking enough water is a common mistake among keto beginners. The drastic decrease in carbohydrates accompanies by dehydration. It would help if you began your morning with a large glass of water. Sipping water regularly throughout the day is also beneficial.
  • People underweight or with excessively low weight problems should refrain from keto diets. They require energy from carbohydrates. Thus, a low-carb diet carries detrimental effects for underweight individuals.
  • Keto diet is strictly not for people with diabetes type 1 or type 2 as they are taking Metformin supplements and other medications. The Keto diet has adverse effects on metformin medications. 
  • Pregnant and lactating women are advised not to follow keto diet plans. Going on a low-carb diet during pregnancy might affect the weight and development of the baby. It may also cause nutritional deficiencies, and the body fails to meet the dietary demands of milk production.

Supplements For Ketogenic Diet

Key supplements help individuals better achieve their health goals while on a Keto Diet:-

1. Omega-3 Fatty Acids 

Fatty fish such as Salmon, Tuna, Mackerel,  Trout or even Sardines are rich in 2 essential Fatty acids (1) Eicoso- Pentanoic Acid (EPA) and (2) Docosa-hexanoic Acid (DHA). 

Both these Fatty acids help in reducing inflammation in the body along with reducing the risk of heart-related ailments and also help boost mental health. 

2. Magnesium 

While on a Keto diet, the mineral magnesium is mostly compromised as many carb-rich foods like fruits and beans are omitted. 

Thus, do amp up from natural sources like Spinach, Swiss Chard, Pumpkin Seeds, Avocado and Mackerel. 

3. MCT Oil

Medium Chain Triglycerides (MCTs) are present in abundance in Coconut Oil. When MCT’s enter the bloodstream, they are easily broken down into their simpler components helping deliver energy to the body. 

They are required as a supplement in the Keto diet for the added Fat boost. 

Production of MCT oil is done by isolating MCTs in Coconut oil and creating a specific MCT oil (thus MCTs are more concentrated in this oil). 

Do consume with caution, as some diet effects include nausea and diarrhoea. 

4. Digestive enzymes

Digestive enzymes such as Lipases and Proteases help in accelerating the breakdown of high fat and high protein components of the Keto diet thus optimising digestion. 

5. Vitamin D

Vitamin D is present in very few foods, and when following a Keto diet, the list of foods becomes even narrower. 

Thus, to prevent any Vit D deficiency, which is a key nutrient for cellular growth, immune health, Calcium absorption, bone health and lowering inflammation, do add this vital nutrient Vit D for good measure.

The Bottom Line

The Keto diet follows a high-fat, moderate protein, and low carb eating plan. Before taking a swing at the keto diet, it is essential to consult a healthcare professional.

Weight loss, diet, and health are complex subjects that require adequate knowledge. Keto’s rigid rules force your body to start burning fat for energy. It certainly helps you lose weight quickly. However, keto is not for everyone. Keto diet side effects include constipation, keto flu, keto breath, mood fluctuations, diarrhoea, brain fog, and kidney stress.

A typical hack among keto dieters is to add dairy products like butter, hard cheese, whipping cream, and Greek yoghurt for an ideal dietary fat supply.

As long as it’s unsweetened and free of added sugars, you can keep the carb content in check. What you can eat on a diet includes meat, fatty seafood, oils, high-fat dairy, nuts, and a selection of berries. Remember, moderation is the key.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Q. What foods can I eat on the keto diet?

A. Keto is a low-carbohydrate diet plan. A keto diet consists of 70% fats, 20% proteins, and 10% carbs per day. You can eat food low in carbohydrates like fatty seafood, nuts and seeds, dairy and eggs, and keto-safe vegetables like zucchini, tomatoes, cucumbers, cauliflower, and squash.

Q. Can you eat bananas on keto?

A. No, bananas are a rich source of carbohydrates. Even though banana is rich in nutrients,  you cannot include them in your keto diet. One banana contains about 31 grams of carbs, nearly the total carbohydrates you can take per day in the keto diet.

Q. Is peanut butter keto?

A. Yes, you can include peanut butter in your keto diet. However, the peanut butter needs to be plain. Also, you need to eat it moderately. Two tablespoons of peanut butter contain about 5 grams of carbohydrates. Hence, you can have a moderate amount of peanut butter per day without affecting your keto.

Q. What can I drink on keto?

A. You can drink keto-friendly liquids like water, caffeine-free diet soda, low-carbs dairy products like unsweetened almond milk, energy drinks with zero carbs, keto smoothies with avocados, egg yolks, and high-fat yoghurt.

Q. Can I drink alcohol on keto?

A. Alcohol consumption is never safe if you want to manage weight and lead a healthy lifestyle. However, the keto diet does not restrict moderate and rare consumption of alcohol. You can drink whiskey, gin, rum, or any other pure form of alcohol. You can also try hard liquor, unsweetened wines, and light beer. But you must always keep in mind to drink moderately. Excess alcohol is bad for health.

Q. What can you eat for breakfast on keto?

A. There are several breakfast options for a keto breakfast. For example, you can eat three eggs or an omelette for breakfast. Non-vegetarians can eat keto-friendly granola with protein-packed plain yoghurt and fruits like blackberries, raspberries, and star fruits.

Q. Can you eat bread on keto?

A. Yes, you can eat bread during your keto diet. However, regular bread like white, oat and wheat bread have high carbohydrates. Hence, avoid those breads and buy gluten-free, high fibre bread with low carbohydrates.

Q. Can I eat potatoes on keto?

A. If you are on a keto diet, potatoes are a big No-No. Potatoes are starchy vegetables that contain more digestive carbohydrates. You can have potatoes once in a while, but they cannot be a part of your regular keto diet.

Q. Is Rice keto-friendly?

A. No, rice is not a part of the keto-friendly diet. However, keto-friendly rice called konjac rice is safe for consumption during your keto diet. It is full of fibre and is very low in net carbohydrates. Therefore, it is a great substitute for white rice, and it also tastes good.

Q. Can you eat pasta on keto?

A. Yes, you can eat pasta during the keto diet. However, you need to ensure that you do not consume the traditional pasta made using wheat flour. There are many alternatives, keto pasta substitutes made by spiralling vegetables. You can also purchase low carbs pasta alternatives like shirataki or kelp noodles.

Q. Are tomatoes keto?

A. Yes, tomatoes are keto-friendly. Tomatoes are a botanical fruit, and every 100g of tomatoes have only 2-3 grams of carbohydrates. Hence, they are low-carb foods that easily fit into your keto diet.

Q. Is cheese allowed in keto?

A. Yes, cheese is considered a perfect keto-friendly food. Cheese contains high fat, low carbs, and moderate proteins. You can choose harder cheese like parmesan cheese over soft cheese to further cut down carbs.

Q.  Is broccoli a keto?

A. Yes, broccoli is a keto-friendly food. One cup of broccoli consists of only 4 grams of net carbs. Furthermore, it is also rich in fibre and protein. You can use broccoli in stews, soups, and casseroles. It tastes delicious and imparts various health benefits.

Q. Are onions good for keto?

A. Yes, onions are good for keto. Although onions have 0g of fat, it is a keto-friendly vegetable. You can enjoy ¼th of red onion daily. Remember that onion is one of those keto vegetables in which carbs can add up fast.

Q. Can you drink milk on keto?

A. You should avoid dairy milk. Dairy milk contains a lot of carbohydrates. Hence, it is not keto-friendly. However, if you choose to add milk to your diet, ensure that you limit the intake. 

Q. Is Mushroom good for keto?

A. Yes, a mushroom is keto-friendly. Mushrooms are low in carbohydrates and low in sugar. People generally use mushrooms like oysters, white buttons, shiitake, and portobello in keto diets

Q. Is it safe to follow the keto diet?

A: Keto diet was meant as a diet for epileptics to give their brains rest and shift energy from glucose to ketones. It is being widely used for weight loss but it has its limitations. Keto is a very rigid diet and cannot be continued in the long term. Brain fogging, altered lipid profile, lethargy and deficiency of some micronutrients are common disadvantages of the diet.

Q. What happens if you cheat on the keto diet?

A: Body needs to produce ketones as a source of energy from fats and hence the carbohydrate content is minimal in keto. By cheating, the body can go off ketosis immediately and there will be no results. To get back into ketosis again takes time and the carbs will need to be flushed out first.

Q. How much protein should I eat on a ketogenic diet?

A: Proteins can account for 15 to 20% of one’s total calories. This will be enough to carry out the body’s functions efficiently, and help build and repair tissues in the body.

Q. How many grams of fat should you eat on a keto diet?

The fat percentage in a keto diet is about 75-80% and its amount in grams can be calculated according to one’s daily requirement of calories.

Q. Is keto better than other diets?

A. The keto diet is beneficial because it stimulates the body to seek energy from stored fat, or ketone bodies, which breaks down in a process known as ketosis. Until you resume carbohydrate consumption, your body will rely on ketones for energy.

Q. How is the keto diet different from the normal diet?

 A. A ketogenic diet is based on fat, which can account for up to 90% of daily calories. The critical difference between these diets is carbohydrate intake, which is limited to less than 50 g per day on the keto diet.

Q. Does keto burn fat faster than other diets?

A. You must be in a calorie deficit for your metabolism to run out of dietary fat and begin burning stored body fat, which is impossible on other diets. On the ketogenic diet, your body enters ketosis, which burns dietary fat first and body fat second.

Q. Is keto the healthiest diet?

A. There isn’t much evidence that this kind of eating is effective or safe. Furthermore, deficient carbohydrate diets are associated with more adverse effects, such as constipation, headaches, poor breath, and other issues. Moreover, the diet’s restrictions require eliminating many nutritious items, making it challenging to achieve your micronutrient requirements.

Q. Who should not do keto?

A. People with kidney disease, people at risk for heart disease, pregnant or nursing women, people with type 1 diabetes, people with a pre-existing liver or pancreatic condition, people who have had their gallbladder removed, eating disorders, lethargic, skinny, people who are allergic to specific foods, and people who require particular carbohydrate grammes should not try the Keto diet.

Q. How long can you stay on a keto diet?

A. The time it takes to reach ketosis differs from person to person. Eating 20–50 g of carbohydrates per day will take 2–4 days. Some people may find that getting to this state takes a week or longer. Before starting a keto diet, persons who eat a high carb diet may take longer to go into ketosis than those who eat a low to moderate carb diet. Before entering ketosis, your body must exhaust its glycogen stores. Getting into ketosis, even on the Keto diet, is not as simple as it appears; it all depends on your body type and metabolism. Allow a few weeks for your body to acclimate to ketosis and start feeling better.

Q. Do you lose more weight on keto or low-carb?

A. A ketogenic and low-carb diet can help you lose weight. Keep in mind, however, that a ketogenic diet is a low-carbohydrate diet. A carbohydrate-restricted diet, on the other hand, may not always put you in ketosis. This is why, if your objective is to use your body fat for energy, it’s critical to track your progress daily. You can still lose weight if you eat low-carb but aren’t trying to get into ketosis. This is especially true if the majority of carbohydrates come from vegetables. 

Q. Is keto just no carbs?

A. Carbohydrates are limited to 50 g or less per day on the keto diet. This causes nutritional ketosis, which encourages the body to burn fat as a primary fuel source. This diet is a low-carb diet; it doesn’t restrict carbs totally. 

Q. What is lazy keto?

A. Lazy keto refers to eating no more than 20 g of carbohydrates per day without measuring calories or keeping track of the other macronutrients, protein and fat.

Q. Why is keto high in fat?

A. The ketogenic diet is based on a low-carbohydrate, high-fat premise. Fat is a highly filling substance. It’s also higher in calories and digests more slowly than other macronutrients because the body can’t rely on glucose for energy due to the lack of carbohydrates. And, because keto meals are high in fat, the body converts to burning fat for energy rather than carbohydrates.

About the Author

According to Hiral, “Striving to be better than yesterday, is the key to achieving any goal that is ahead of you”. As a diet and lifestyle consultant, Hiral intends to help her clients inculcate habits such as healthy eating and regular exercise to improve their lifestyle holistically for a better tomorrow. She also aims to make her clients feel good from the inside-out and bring about a positive change to their overall life.

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