Jackfruit – Benefits, Nutrition, Precautions and Uses
April 11, 2023
April 11, 2023
Jackfruit belongs to the Moraceae family and is also known as the jack tree. It generally grows in Asia, Africa, and South America. Tropical lowlands are best suited for jackfruit cultivation, and it is extensively cultivated in tropical regions worldwide. Historians say that jackfruit is 300 years old. It gets its name from the Malayalam name of this fruit called “Chakka”.
This fruit consists of 3 parts: the central core, fleshy bulbs, and outer skin. The fleshy consistency of its bulbs also replicates a meat-like texture. Hence it is also known as “vegetable meat”. A single jackfruit weighs between 10-25 kgs, and the jackfruit tree can bear up to 150 fruits per year. Furthermore, if the tree is old, it can bear up to 500 fruits per year.
One can eat them in both ripe or unripe forms. For consuming jackfruit in its unripe form, you need to cook it. When the fruit becomes ripe, it’ll turn juicy, slurpy, and taste almost like a mixture of banana and pineapple. One can eat the fruit in its purest form or use them to prepare delectable desserts like ice-creams and puddings etc.
Jackfruit is rich in vitamin A, C, riboflavin, carotenoids, magnesium, potassium, and fibre. These nutrients help in digestion, skin issues, controlling blood sugar levels, inflammation, and many more.
This variety of Australian jackfruit is medium-sized and weighs approximately 22 lbs. It has yellow skin and bright yellow flesh. This variant is aromatic and delightfully sweet in flavour. It is suitable for savoury dishes.
The golden nugget is also an Australian variety of jackfruit. It is comparatively smaller in size and has a round shape. The skin looks bright yellow, and the flesh is a slightly darker orange. It weighs between 7-8 pounds.
The golden pillow is a Thai variety of jackfruit. It is generally round in shape. It has a different skin colour; rather than yellow, it has dark green-hued skin. The flesh is yellow-orange and surprisingly crunchy, while other varieties of jackfruit are soft and slurpy. It is deliciously sweet and weighs between 8-14 lbs.
Honey Gold is yet another Australian variety of jackfruit and has a boxy shape rather than round and weighs between 10-12 lbs. The flesh is juicy, soft, and sweet and has an intense orange colour.
Dang Rasimi is also a Thai variety of jackfruit that replicates the smell and taste of a mango. It is oblong and comes in a medium to large size. Also has yellow skin and dark orange-coloured flesh and weighs between 17-20 lbs.
Lemon Gold is an Australian variety of jackfruit. It has a block-like rather than a round shape and is generally smaller. It weighs between 12-13 lbs and tastes extremely sweet with bit of a crispy texture.
Kun Wi Chan is also a Thai variety of jackfruit with bright yellow skin. Still, the inner part is likely to be dull yellow. This variety of jackfruit is not popular as a fruit or dessert ingredient. Its taste makes it more appropriate for savoury dishes. It weighs somewhat between 30-40 lbs.
NS1 is a variety of jackfruit that comes from Malaysia. It is a smaller variety of jackfruit that ripens between June may-June. This jackfruit has a boxy shape and orange-coloured flesh that tastes sweet and rich in flavour.
1 cup (165 grams) raw sliced jackfruit contains
Jackfruit is low in calories and is a low-fat fruit that contains about 80% of water. Jackfruits are rich in vitamin A, antioxidants, and carotenoids that prevent cell damage in the body and assure the proper functioning of the internal system.
Jackfruit contains many rich nutrients like vitamin C, vitamin A, folate, magnesium, riboflavin which makes it a superfood. It helps reduce the chances of harmful diseases and aids in weight loss. Let us have a look at its tremendous benefits.
Jackfruits are rich nutrients that help in controlling blood sugar levels. Also, jackfruit has a low glycemic index. The Glycemic index measures how rapidly the blood sugar level rises after consuming any food.
Jackfruit is rich in fibre which reduces the absorption of sugar in the blood and hence helps to maintain blood sugar levels. A study shows that eating fibre-rich food prevents higher blood sugar levels. Another study shows that adults who consumed jackfruit extracts experienced improved blood sugar levels.
Jackfruit is abundantly rich in antioxidants that help keep harmful diseases at bay. For example, the presence of vitamin C prevents various diseases like inflammation. Vitamin C helps to release oxidative stress from the body and removes free radicals. As a result, it controls cell damage, soreness, and redness due to inflammation. It also helps in preventing inflammation related to chronic diseases and cancer.
The carotenoids in jackfruit also help to lower inflammation and prevent type 2 diabetes and chronic diseases. The flavonoids help to lower blood pressure and blood sugar levels and control inflammation in the body. It also helps in preventing type 2 diabetes and heart diseases.
Jackfruit contains high amounts of Vitamin C and Vitamin A that helps to build a robust immune system. As per research, vitamin A plays a vital role in regulating cellular immune responses and humoral immune processes. In addition, it prevents several allergic reactions and viral infections. When we need to have a proper check on our immunity level, jackfruit brings a way to strengthen it to fight viral infections.
Jackfruit turns out to be very beneficial for the skin as it contains nutrients like Vitamin C, vitamin A, and other antioxidants. For example, vitamin C helps to excrete free radicals from the body and releases oxidative stress that helps repair cell and DNA damage.
Vitamin C helps in strengthening the skin barrier. It also helps in healing wounds in a shorter time. Vitamin A helps to prevent sun damage and repair cell damage due to sun exposure. Both the antioxidants help in preventing photoaging. In addition, vitamin A in jackfruit is essential for both the upper and lower layer of skin. It prevents collagen breakdown and increases cell turnover that aids in healthy and glowing skin.
Jackfruit contains a lot of dietary fibre that helps in better digestion. It also acts as a natural laxative and is helpful to provide relief from constipation. Constipation leads to piles when one is experiencing it chronically. Due to jackfruit’s high fibre content, it helps in better digestion and prevents constipation.
Laxatives soften the stools by providing a high amount of water secretion into the bowels and stimulating the digestive tract walls that also aid in bowel movements.
Jackfruit also helps to clean the colon that may slowly help treat colon cancer. The dietary fibre present in jackfruit helps in protecting the colon mucous membrane. It also eases bowel movements by adding energy and bulk to the stool.
Jackfruit is rich in dietary fibre and low in calories. High fibre food keeps you fuller for a longer time and reduces cravings, leading to low-calorie intake. Jackfruit is low in calories as well, only 155 calories per cup.
Jackfruit is a rich source of fibre, vitamin C and minerals. In addition, it does not contain any saturated fat or cholesterol. The sucrose and fructose in the fruit increase your energy and do not store as fat. It is also low in sodium, preventing water retention. So, you can eat jackfruit and not gain any weight. So, a cup of raw jackfruit is enough to help you manage weight.
Cooking Time- 45 minutes
Cooking Time- 45 minutes
Cooking Time- 35 minutes
Jackfruit is proven to have super health benefits with its rich nutritional value. But on the other hand, it carries several side effects that may be dangerous for some people.
Jackfruit is a superfood with a high nutritional value and less calorie count. It contains vitamins, minerals and fibre. It has tremendous health benefits like it eases out the digestion process, boosts immunity, lowers the chances of several inflammatory diseases, and improves skin health. However, you should always ensure moderate consumption.
At the same time, you should follow the precautions mentioned above. This superfood can be highly beneficial if you consume it the right way and in moderation.
A. Jackfruits may benefit us in several ways. For example, it helps boost immunity, control blood sugar levels, aids weight management, and is good for the skin.
A. Although jackfruit is a healthy food, it has a few disadvantages. If you have blood issues or are using sedative drugs, jackfruit can be harmful. Furthermore, it may also be harmful to pregnant women.
A. Yes, jackfruit is good for weight loss as it contains an adequate amount of dietary fibre. These dietary fibres boost the weight loss process.
A. Yes, jackfruit is a superfood as it contains tremendous nutrients and is full of benefits.
A. Yes, you can eat raw jackfruit. However, you should eat it in moderation, such as ½ cup per day.
A. There are various ways to cook jackfruit. Some of the best recipes are cited in the article. You can also cook it like regular Indian vegetables with curries.
A. Ideally, we should not drink water after eating jackfruit. It may cause issues like diarrhoea. Drinking water after eating jackfruit will affect the pH of the stomach and slow digestion since water dilutes digestive acids and enzyme activity.
A. According to Ayurveda, jackfruit should not be consumed with dairy products or carbonated beverages. It can be harmful if consumed simultaneously. It is believed to cause indigestion and skin problems.
A. Yes. One cup of raw jackfruit contains 2.8 g of protein.
A. Yes, it contains lots of natural sugars; one cup of raw jackfruit has 31.48 g of sugar. The presence of natural sugars and fibre in the fruit may actually help diabetics control their blood sugar levels. It prevents and treats diabetic symptoms by regulating glucose and insulin release in the body and improving insulin sensitivity.