Guava – Benefits, Nutritional Facts, & Healthy Recipes

Alpa Momaya

June 28, 2023

Guava, also known as “amrood” in Hindi, is round/oval and is full of tiny hard seeds in the centre. It is native to Central America and has a versatile inner and outer layer. In addition, it also possesses a unique flavour and fragrance. People call it one of the best superfruits due to the numerous health benefits it offers.

Guava is a powerhouse of nutrients. It is rich in antioxidants, vitamins C & A, lycopene, calcium, manganese, and potassium. Besides this, guava is also low in calories, high in fibre, and makes for a great addition to your everyday diet.

Physical Structure of the Guava Fruit

Guava belongs to a family of dicotyledonous plants called the myrtle family. The plants have dark green leaves of 5 to 15 cm in length. The guava flowers are white with multiple stamens.

Guavas are about 4 to 12 cm in length. They have a sweet fragrance that is comparable to the subtle aroma of a lemon rind. When ripe, the outer skin becomes soft, and the pulp inside gets a sweet taste.

Nutritional Facts of Guavas

100 grams of guava contains 

  • Calories: 68
  • Total Carbohydrate: 14g
  • Sugar: 9 g
  • Fibre: 5 g
  • Protein: 2.6g
  • Fat: 1g
  • Saturated fat: 0.3g
  • Sodium: 2mg
  • Potassium: 417mg
  • Vitamin C: 228.3mg
  • Vitamin B6: 5% of RDA
  • Vitamin B9: 12% of RDA

The calorie content per serving of guava is reasonable considering its immense goodness. It has a very minimal fat content and is rich in fibre and proteins.

Other vitamin B constituents like niacin, thiamine, and riboflavin are present in considerable quantities. Smaller amounts of vitamin A and K are also present. In addition, guavas contain a significant amount of manganese, phosphorus, and magnesium. Some other minerals like zinc, calcium, and iron are present in smaller quantities.

12 Proven Health Benefits of Guavas

There are many benefits of consuming Guavas. However, guava leaves contain more benefits than the fruit itself. It is rich in phenolic compounds with antibacterial effects. These compounds help protect you from infectious and parasitic diseases such as Staph and Candida (yeast) infections. In addition, guava leaves help to relieve coughs and colds and work as an excellent home remedy for toothaches, swollen gums, and oral ulcers along with keeping you safe from infections.

1. Guava Helps Build Immunity

Guavas are a rich source of vitamin C and contain twice the amount of vitamin C present in oranges. Vitamin C plays a vital role in improving your immune system and protecting you from infections by killing harmful bacteria and viruses. Studies suggest that vitamin C can lessen a cold’s duration. Hence, it is essential to include vitamin C in your regular diet.

In addition, guava reinforces iron absorption, thereby maintaining your body’s immunity levels and making you stronger.

2. Guava is a Diabetic-Friendly Fruit

Guava is a good source of fibre and possesses a low Glycemic Index, making it diabetic-friendly. While the low Glycemic Index inhibits a sudden spike in sugar levels, the fibre content ensures that the sugar levels are well regulated.

A study shows that guava leaf extracts can improve blood sugar levels. In addition, they can help control hyperinsulinemia, long-term blood sugar, hypercholesterolemia, hypoadiponectinemia, and hyperglycemia.

Therefore, it is one of the best fruits consumed by diabetic patients and those looking to prevent diabetes.

3. Guava Keeps the Heart Healthy

Guavas contain high amounts of potassium and sodium, which help regulate high blood pressure in patients suffering from hypertension. According to a study, eating ripe guava before meals may lower blood pressure, decrease total cholesterol, and increase “good” cholesterol by 8%. All these factors contribute to improved heart health.

Another study suggests that guava leaf extracts help decrease blood pressure, reduce “bad” cholesterol, and increase “good” cholesterol. Therefore, it is safe to say that guava leaf extracts minimise the risk of heart disease and stroke.

4. Guava May Help with Weight Loss

Guava is an excellent choice if you are looking to lose weight as it helps regulate your metabolism and makes sure your intake of proteins, fibre, and vitamins remains uncompromised. Moreover, guavas make for a very filling snack and keep you full for long. 

Replacing sugary beverages or food items with guava tea or guavas will help you lose weight. That is because guavas are lower in calories and yet very filling.

5. Guava Improves Digestive Health

Guava contains higher amounts of dietary fibre than other fruits. Fibre helps bulk up and soften stool which tends to ease constipation and diarrhoea. One guava contains 12% of your recommended daily fibre intake. That makes it highly beneficial for digestive health and healthy bowel movements. Also, guava seeds, when ingested whole or chewed, act as excellent laxatives.

A study shows that you may also use guava leaf extracts to reduce the intensity or duration of diarrhoea. Another study shows that these extracts contain antimicrobial properties, which help kill harmful diarrhoea-causing bacteria in the gut.

6. Guava May be Good for the Brain

Guavas are also rich in vitamins such as B6 and B3, known as pyridoxine and niacin, respectively. These two vitamins help improve blood circulation to the brain, relax the nerves, and stimulate cognitive function.

7. Guava Improves Skin Health

If you are among the many looking to keep fine lines and wrinkles away from your face, then guava is the fruit for you. 

Guavas are rich in antioxidants like carotene, lycopene, and vitamins A and C, which help protect the skin from various skin-related issues. In addition, a study confirms that antioxidants, which are present in guavas, have anti-ageing effects.

Studies also show that guavas have anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties. Therefore, consuming guava helps regain the skin’s radiance and freshness. In addition, it keeps away problems like discolouration, dark circles, redness, and acne. The fruit also helps tone and tighten the facial muscles, thereby leaving your skin young and supple.

8. Guava Helps Relieve Stress

The presence of magnesium in the fruit helps relax the muscles and nerves in your body. In addition, it helps you effectively calm down and unwind. So, after a long day’s work or a tiring workout session, eating guava will relieve you of stress and also give your system a much-needed boost of energy.

9. It is Helpful During Pregnancy

Neural tube defects (NTDs) are among the most common congenital disabilities, contributing to miscarriage, infant mortality, severe congenital abnormalities and profound disabilities. A study suggests that a daily intake of 400 micrograms of folic acid at least one month before pregnancy and the entire first trimester of pregnancy could reduce the risk of NTDs by up to 80%.

Guava is rich in folic acid. Therefore, it is excellent for pregnant women. That is because it helps develop the baby’s nervous system and protects the fetus from congenital disabilities. In addition, the B vitamin present in the fruit allows cells to divide and helps your body create DNA and genetic material for the fetus. Therefore, guava would be a great addition to your diet during pregnancy.

Guavas are also rich in vitamin C, which increases iron absorption. It, in turn, helps pregnant women deliver oxygen to their babies. Studies have linked this to increased fetal and infant growth till the age of 6 months.

10. Guava Helps Reduce Menstrual Pain

Many women experience painful stomach cramps during their menstruation (dysmenorrhea). However, a study on 197 women with painful menstrual cramps who took 6 mg of guava leaf extract every day showed decreased pain intensity. The study also suggests that guavas can produce an effect more potent than some painkillers.

11. Guava Helps Reduce the Risk of Cancer

The presence of antioxidants such as lycopene, quercetin, vitamin C, and other polyphenols neutralise the body of free radicals and prevent the growth of cancerous cells. According to a study, guava leaf extracts reduce the risk of prostate cancer and inhibit cancer cells’ growth. 

12. Guava Improves Eyesight/Vision

After carrots, guavas are the next well-known fruit that helps improve eyesight and vision health. Not only does the presence of vitamin A prevents the deterioration of eyesight, but it also helps to improve it. In addition, it also protects one from developing macular degeneration and cataracts.


Guavas offer numerous health benefits, but guava leaves surpass the fruit with their rich phenolic compounds that have antibacterial effects. They protect against infectious diseases and serve as a remedy for oral issues. Guavas enhance immunity due to their high vitamin C content, aid in diabetes management, promote heart health, assist in weight loss, improve digestion, boost brain function, enhance skin health, relieve stress, and benefit pregnant women. They also alleviate menstrual pain, reduce cancer risk, and support eye health. With their diverse advantages, guavas are a valuable addition to a healthy diet.

Where in India is Guava Popular?

The climatic condition of India makes it an ideal place for growing guavas. Hence, guavas are one of the top four fruits cultivable here. Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra are the top guava-growing states. Bihar, Tamil Nadu, and Andhra Pradesh closely follow this list. The guava season varies depending on each state and its crop patterns. The last four decades show a 55% increase in guava production in India.

  • Sardar and Allahabad Safeda are two of the most famous guava types in India. It is due to their excellent quality and high-yielding abilities. 
  • Vijayawada and Nuzvid are some of the significant cultivators of the Sardar or Lucknow variety. 
  • The Allahabad variety finds its majority cultivators in Odugathur, Madurai, and Theni. 
  • Some of the other guava varieties are Lalit, Dhareedar, Safed Jam, etc.

Uses of Guava Fruit

Many cuisines use guavas for their juice. For example, Agua Fresca is a popular guava juice used in Latin American countries. Sauces, candies, and snacks use this juice to enhance the flavour. In addition, sauces and other pickled food items use red guavas mainly to mimic the taste of tomatoes.

Guavas contain high amounts of pectin, whose main component is sugar. So, this makes guavas a good option for candies, jams, and jellies. Guava pulp makes for a great flavour in ice creams and milkshakes. The guava leaves are edible in the form of herbal teas and supplements.

Ways to Consume Guava

Fully ripe guavas have a sweet taste. Check for guavas with pale yellow or green skin. Ripe guavas are soft to the touch, similar to a ripe avocado. Choose the sweetest ones for all the recipes given below.

  • The easiest way to consume guava is to eat them as they are. The entire fruit, along with the seeds and the skin, is edible. You can bite into the whole fruit like an apple.
  • Additionally, you can consume guavas with chilli powder or pepper and salt. Slice up the guavas and sprinkle some chilli powder and salt on its flesh. The spicy and salty flavour perfectly complements the fruit’s sweetness.
  • It is equally essential to pair up guavas with other fruits. It increases the potency of your fruit platter. Cut the guavas with other fruits and add them to a fruit salad.
  • It is a healthy dessert or breakfast option. In addition, guavas taste amazing in coleslaw as well.
  • Guava juice is an excellent alternative to eating fruit. The mildly sweet taste and the soft flesh make it a good option for blending juices. Besides, you can grind guava pieces with some milk to make smoothies.
  • Also, take the smoothie up a notch and add other fruits of your choice, some raw honey, chia seeds, and some nuts. It is a filling snack or breakfast item.
  • Cook guavas with some jaggery powder to make a sauce out of them. The sauce works very well with pancake, yoghurt and oatmeal.
  • Guavas add a delicious flavour to ice creams, jellies and candies. So, it makes for a healthy option for dessert while satisfying your sweet tooth.

Best Nutritionist-approved Recipes using Guava

1.  Guava Yogurt Smoothie 


  • Guava chopped – 1 cup
  • Frozen banana slices – ½ cup
  • Low-fat yoghurt – ½ cup
  • Ice cubes


  • Blend all ingredients and serve chilled

2. Guava Pomegranate Salad


  • Guava chopped: 1 cup
  • Pomegranate pearls: 1 cup
  • Roasted peanuts: 1 tbsp
  • Mint chopped: 1 tbsp

For Dressing 

  • Lime juice: 1 tbsp
  • Black salt: ¼ tsp
  • Cumin powder: ¼ tsp
  • Red chilli powder: ¼ tsp
  • Chat masala: ¼ tsp


  • Mix the ingredients for the dressing
  • Combine the fruits, peanuts, mint and dressing in a bowl and mix well 

Guava: Precautions 

While there are many benefits to consuming guavas, there are a few precautions or things before adding them to your daily diet. They are as follows:

  • Pregnant or breastfeeding individuals: There isn’t any conclusive evidence on whether guavas, as a medicine, are safe for people who are pregnant or breastfeeding. Therefore, to be on the safe side, eat it in small quantities as a regular fruit. Also, make sure to wash and peel the skin off the guavas before eating to reduce the likelihood of ingesting any harmful bacteria. Most importantly, consult your doctor before taking supplements of any kind.
  • Diabetic patients: We know that guavas may reduce your blood sugar. However, people with diabetes must constantly keep track of their blood sugar levels while eating guavas.
  • Patients with skin conditions: The extracts from guava leaves may contain chemicals that irritate your skin. It can exacerbate skin conditions like eczema. So, if you have eczema or other similar conditions, consume guavas cautiously or avoid them altogether.
  • Patients with upcoming surgeries: Those scheduled for any kind of surgery should try to avoid eating guavas in the two weeks leading up to it. That is because guavas may interfere with blood sugar control or worsen the risk of bleeding during and/or after the surgery.
  • The extract from a guava leaf may also cause stomach pain, nausea or bloating as a temporary side effect. 

HealthifyMe Suggestion

Adding guavas to the list of fruits you eat regularly can definitely be very beneficial due to the large number of nutrients they possess. 

Whether you pick the regular guavas, the ones with pink flesh or the Thai variety, they’re all rich in vitamins and minerals and are great as an addition on their own or in your salad or smoothie.

In the hot summers, you can deseed the guavas and then freeze them and blend them to make a yummy guava sorbet to beat the heat. 


Guavas are a magical fruit. It is low in calories yet packed with nutrients. The pale yellow or light green guavas are the ripest. It’s mild sweetness and soft flesh make it a delicious choice of fruit.

It is fibre-rich and full of vitamins and minerals. The immunity-boosting and skin-healing vitamin C is abundant in them. It is a diabetic-friendly fruit and also promotes the functioning of a healthy heart.

Guava leaf extracts have immense power. Therefore, they aid in digestion and relieve menstrual pain. Some studies even say they have anti-cancer properties.

The bottom line is; guavas are a perfect addition to your diet. The nutrients in it will alter your health for the better. Add it to your grocery list to benefit from its goodness.

Eat guava daily if you want a surge of vitamin C for better immunity or simply a tasty, healthy option that you can have in different ways.

Disclaimer: The purpose of this article is just to disperse knowledge and raise awareness. It does not intend to replace medical advice from professionals. For further information please contact our certified nutritionists Here

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Q. Does guava contain Vitamin C?

A. Yes, guava is a rich source of vitamin C. 100 grams of guava contain approximately 228 grams of vitamin C.

Q. What is the permissible quantity of guava consumption per day?

A. You can consume one to two guavas daily.

Q. Can guava upset the stomach?

A. Guava is a rich source of fructose. Our bodies cannot digest a large quantity of these elements. Hence, many might experience bloated stomachs after having too many guavas, as it disrupts smooth bowel systems.

Q. Does guava help in weight loss?

A. Guava is the perfect fruit for those who are trying to lose weight. It is low in calories yet rich in fibre content. It gives a feeling of fullness for a longer duration. The nutrients in guavas make it a healthy option during weight loss.

Q. Can guava help fight lifestyle diseases like diabetes?

A. Guava leaf extracts help to manage diabetes, if not prevent it. Drinking leaf extract tea after a meal reduces blood sugar levels. It offers a significant reduction in blood sugar in type 2 diabetic patients. In addition, its low glycaemic index and high fibre content help to maintain sugar levels.

Q. How often can one eat Guava in a day?

A. You can include 1 to 2 guavas in a day. You can eat them as mid-day snacks, either in mid-morning or evening.

Q. What is the ideal amount of guava one can eat in a day?

A. 80 to 100 grams of guava is ideal as one portion in a day.

Q. Are guava seeds harmful to the body?

A. No, guava seeds have numerous health benefits because of their high fibre content. These benefits include relieving constipation, acidity and promoting satiety.

Q. If consumed too much, what are the side effects guava can have on the body?

A. The high fibre in guava can cause diarrhoea and bloating if consumed in excess.

Q. What is the best time to eat Guava?

A. Any fruit such as guava is best consumed as a midday snack. It can also be added to your breakfast as a smoothie or in a salad as well.

Q. What are the benefits of guava?

A. There are numerous benefits to consuming guavas. Some include weight loss, lowered blood sugar, improved eyesight, improved heart health, reduced risk of cancer, etc.

Q. Who should not eat guava?

A. People with eczema or other skin conditions should avoid consuming guava leaf extracts since they might irritate their skin further. People scheduled for surgery should also avoid eating guavas in the two weeks leading up to it. It may worsen the risk of bleeding during/post-surgery.

Q. What disease can guava cure?

A. It can be used for pain, diabetes, stomach and intestinal problems, menstrual cramps, wound healing, and high blood pressure.

Q. Can you eat guava raw?

A. Yes, any part of the guava can be eaten raw. However, make sure to wash the outer surface/rind before eating.

Q. Which is better: pink or white guava?

A. Pink guavas are better since they contain less sugar and starch.

Q. Is guava high in sugar?

A. Guavas contain a lot of fructose which is a type of natural sugar.

Q. Does guava boost the immune system?

A. Yes, guavas can boost one’s immune system due to the presence of vitamin C.

Q. Does guava cause weight gain?

A. No, guava does not cause weight gain. Its high-fibre content can help reduce your hunger and thus, help you lose weight. It’s also on the lower end of the calorie scale.

Q. Is guava bad for cough?

A. No, guavas help prevent and/or cure a bad cough or cold. However, try to avoid consuming it at night.

Q. Can we drink tea after eating guava?

A. Steer clear of acidic teas after eating guava. However, you can drink oolong tea, white tea or black tea after eating guava.

Q. Can guava leaves clean the uterus?

A. There isn’t any conclusive evidence regarding whether guava leaves can clean the uterus. However, it can help reduce menstrual pain and blood clotting.

Q. Is guava bad for kidney stones?

A. Eating too many guavas may lead to the formation of kidney stones. However, if you eat guavas in moderation, you will reap the benefits mentioned in this article.

Q. Which fruit can be eaten at night?

A. Bananas are the best fruit to eat at night since they contain vitamin E, healthy fats, and magnesium.

Q. Does guava leaves reduce belly fat?

A. Guava leaves can help in reducing weight. However, it cannot help you reduce fat in only one specific part of your body.

Q. Are guavas acidic?

A. Yes, due to the presence of citric and malic acids, guavas have a pH level of around 3-4.

Q. Does eating guava at night increase weight?

A. No, eating guavas at night does not increase your weight.

Q. Can guava leaves heal wounds?

A. Yes, guava leaf extracts can help in wound healing.

Q. Can we eat guava and milk together?

A. Since guavas are rich in vitamin C, it is best not to consume them with milk. It can cause digestive issues or acidity.

Q. Can diabetics eat guava?

A. Yes, they can. However, people with diabetes must keep track of their blood sugar levels since guavas can lower one’s blood sugar.

Reference Links 

  1. Vitamin C for preventing and treating the common cold:
  1. Effects of guava intake on serum total and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels and on systemic blood pressure:
  1. Hypoglycemic and hypotensive effects of Psidium guajava Linn. (Myrtaceae) leaf aqueous extract:
  1. Intestinal anti-spasmodic effect of a phytodrug of Psidium guajava folia in the treatment of acute diarrheic disease:
  1. Psidium guajava: a review of its traditional uses, phytochemistry and pharmacology:
  1. Role of antioxidants in the skin: anti-aging effects:
  1. The antimicrobial activities of Psidium guajava and Juglans regia leaf extracts to acne-developing organisms:
  1. Folic acid usage and associated factors in the prevention of neural tube defects among pregnant women in Ethiopia: cross-sectional study:
  1. Maternal fruit and vegetable or vitamin C consumption during pregnancy is associated with fetal growth and infant growth up to 6 months: results from the Korean Mothers and Children’s Environmental Health (MOCEH) cohort study:
  1. Effect of a Psidii guajavae folium extract in the treatment of primary dysmenorrhea: a randomized clinical trial:
  1. Brain derived metastatic prostate cancer DU-145 cells are effectively inhibited in vitro by guava (Psidium gujava L.) leaf extracts:
  1. Could save the eyesight and lives of countless children:

About the Author

As the holder of a Post Graduate Diploma in Dietetics from the University of Mumbai, Alpa Momaya has always understood the value of good nutrition in an individual's life. She is a Registered Nutritional Practitioner (Canada) with over 15 years of experience in the field. Specializing in Clinical Nutrition, Pre & Post Natal Diets, and Weight Management, Alpa found her calling as a Sr. Nutritionist with HealthifyMe. Alpa's love for cooking and good nutrition has seen her contribute several recipes to the HealthifyMe database over the years. Additionally, she takes a keen interest in reading and painting.

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2 responses to “Guava – Benefits, Nutritional Facts, & Healthy Recipes”

  1. Good information, My suggestion would be to avoid the seeds in Guava as far as possible. Unless the seeds are chewed thoroughly (in which case it is nutritious),whole seeds might get into the lumen of the appendix and can potentially cause “Appendicitis”. Keep the good work!

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