Guava – Benefits, Nutritional Facts, & Healthy Recipes
June 28, 2023
June 28, 2023
Guava, also known as “amrood” in Hindi, is round/oval and is full of tiny hard seeds in the centre. It is native to Central America and has a versatile inner and outer layer. In addition, it also possesses a unique flavour and fragrance. People call it one of the best superfruits due to the numerous health benefits it offers.
Guava is a powerhouse of nutrients. It is rich in antioxidants, vitamins C & A, lycopene, calcium, manganese, and potassium. Besides this, guava is also low in calories, high in fibre, and makes for a great addition to your everyday diet.
Guava belongs to a family of dicotyledonous plants called the myrtle family. The plants have dark green leaves of 5 to 15 cm in length. The guava flowers are white with multiple stamens.
Guavas are about 4 to 12 cm in length. They have a sweet fragrance that is comparable to the subtle aroma of a lemon rind. When ripe, the outer skin becomes soft, and the pulp inside gets a sweet taste.
100 grams of guava contains
The calorie content per serving of guava is reasonable considering its immense goodness. It has a very minimal fat content and is rich in fibre and proteins.
Other vitamin B constituents like niacin, thiamine, and riboflavin are present in considerable quantities. Smaller amounts of vitamin A and K are also present. In addition, guavas contain a significant amount of manganese, phosphorus, and magnesium. Some other minerals like zinc, calcium, and iron are present in smaller quantities.
There are many benefits of consuming Guavas. However, guava leaves contain more benefits than the fruit itself. It is rich in phenolic compounds with antibacterial effects. These compounds help protect you from infectious and parasitic diseases such as Staph and Candida (yeast) infections. In addition, guava leaves help to relieve coughs and colds and work as an excellent home remedy for toothaches, swollen gums, and oral ulcers along with keeping you safe from infections.
Guavas are a rich source of vitamin C and contain twice the amount of vitamin C present in oranges. Vitamin C plays a vital role in improving your immune system and protecting you from infections by killing harmful bacteria and viruses. Studies suggest that vitamin C can lessen a cold’s duration. Hence, it is essential to include vitamin C in your regular diet.
In addition, guava reinforces iron absorption, thereby maintaining your body’s immunity levels and making you stronger.
Guava is a good source of fibre and possesses a low Glycemic Index, making it diabetic-friendly. While the low Glycemic Index inhibits a sudden spike in sugar levels, the fibre content ensures that the sugar levels are well regulated.
A study shows that guava leaf extracts can improve blood sugar levels. In addition, they can help control hyperinsulinemia, long-term blood sugar, hypercholesterolemia, hypoadiponectinemia, and hyperglycemia.
Therefore, it is one of the best fruits consumed by diabetic patients and those looking to prevent diabetes.
Guavas contain high amounts of potassium and sodium, which help regulate high blood pressure in patients suffering from hypertension. According to a study, eating ripe guava before meals may lower blood pressure, decrease total cholesterol, and increase “good” cholesterol by 8%. All these factors contribute to improved heart health.
Another study suggests that guava leaf extracts help decrease blood pressure, reduce “bad” cholesterol, and increase “good” cholesterol. Therefore, it is safe to say that guava leaf extracts minimise the risk of heart disease and stroke.
Guava is an excellent choice if you are looking to lose weight as it helps regulate your metabolism and makes sure your intake of proteins, fibre, and vitamins remains uncompromised. Moreover, guavas make for a very filling snack and keep you full for long.
Replacing sugary beverages or food items with guava tea or guavas will help you lose weight. That is because guavas are lower in calories and yet very filling.
Guava contains higher amounts of dietary fibre than other fruits. Fibre helps bulk up and soften stool which tends to ease constipation and diarrhoea. One guava contains 12% of your recommended daily fibre intake. That makes it highly beneficial for digestive health and healthy bowel movements. Also, guava seeds, when ingested whole or chewed, act as excellent laxatives.
A study shows that you may also use guava leaf extracts to reduce the intensity or duration of diarrhoea. Another study shows that these extracts contain antimicrobial properties, which help kill harmful diarrhoea-causing bacteria in the gut.
Guavas are also rich in vitamins such as B6 and B3, known as pyridoxine and niacin, respectively. These two vitamins help improve blood circulation to the brain, relax the nerves, and stimulate cognitive function.
If you are among the many looking to keep fine lines and wrinkles away from your face, then guava is the fruit for you.
Guavas are rich in antioxidants like carotene, lycopene, and vitamins A and C, which help protect the skin from various skin-related issues. In addition, a study confirms that antioxidants, which are present in guavas, have anti-ageing effects.
Studies also show that guavas have anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties. Therefore, consuming guava helps regain the skin’s radiance and freshness. In addition, it keeps away problems like discolouration, dark circles, redness, and acne. The fruit also helps tone and tighten the facial muscles, thereby leaving your skin young and supple.
The presence of magnesium in the fruit helps relax the muscles and nerves in your body. In addition, it helps you effectively calm down and unwind. So, after a long day’s work or a tiring workout session, eating guava will relieve you of stress and also give your system a much-needed boost of energy.
Neural tube defects (NTDs) are among the most common congenital disabilities, contributing to miscarriage, infant mortality, severe congenital abnormalities and profound disabilities. A study suggests that a daily intake of 400 micrograms of folic acid at least one month before pregnancy and the entire first trimester of pregnancy could reduce the risk of NTDs by up to 80%.
Guava is rich in folic acid. Therefore, it is excellent for pregnant women. That is because it helps develop the baby’s nervous system and protects the fetus from congenital disabilities. In addition, the B vitamin present in the fruit allows cells to divide and helps your body create DNA and genetic material for the fetus. Therefore, guava would be a great addition to your diet during pregnancy.
Guavas are also rich in vitamin C, which increases iron absorption. It, in turn, helps pregnant women deliver oxygen to their babies. Studies have linked this to increased fetal and infant growth till the age of 6 months.
Many women experience painful stomach cramps during their menstruation (dysmenorrhea). However, a study on 197 women with painful menstrual cramps who took 6 mg of guava leaf extract every day showed decreased pain intensity. The study also suggests that guavas can produce an effect more potent than some painkillers.
The presence of antioxidants such as lycopene, quercetin, vitamin C, and other polyphenols neutralise the body of free radicals and prevent the growth of cancerous cells. According to a study, guava leaf extracts reduce the risk of prostate cancer and inhibit cancer cells’ growth.
After carrots, guavas are the next well-known fruit that helps improve eyesight and vision health. Not only does the presence of vitamin A prevents the deterioration of eyesight, but it also helps to improve it. In addition, it also protects one from developing macular degeneration and cataracts.
Guavas offer numerous health benefits, but guava leaves surpass the fruit with their rich phenolic compounds that have antibacterial effects. They protect against infectious diseases and serve as a remedy for oral issues. Guavas enhance immunity due to their high vitamin C content, aid in diabetes management, promote heart health, assist in weight loss, improve digestion, boost brain function, enhance skin health, relieve stress, and benefit pregnant women. They also alleviate menstrual pain, reduce cancer risk, and support eye health. With their diverse advantages, guavas are a valuable addition to a healthy diet.
The climatic condition of India makes it an ideal place for growing guavas. Hence, guavas are one of the top four fruits cultivable here. Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra are the top guava-growing states. Bihar, Tamil Nadu, and Andhra Pradesh closely follow this list. The guava season varies depending on each state and its crop patterns. The last four decades show a 55% increase in guava production in India.
Many cuisines use guavas for their juice. For example, Agua Fresca is a popular guava juice used in Latin American countries. Sauces, candies, and snacks use this juice to enhance the flavour. In addition, sauces and other pickled food items use red guavas mainly to mimic the taste of tomatoes.
Guavas contain high amounts of pectin, whose main component is sugar. So, this makes guavas a good option for candies, jams, and jellies. Guava pulp makes for a great flavour in ice creams and milkshakes. The guava leaves are edible in the form of herbal teas and supplements.
Fully ripe guavas have a sweet taste. Check for guavas with pale yellow or green skin. Ripe guavas are soft to the touch, similar to a ripe avocado. Choose the sweetest ones for all the recipes given below.
While there are many benefits to consuming guavas, there are a few precautions or things before adding them to your daily diet. They are as follows:
Adding guavas to the list of fruits you eat regularly can definitely be very beneficial due to the large number of nutrients they possess.
Whether you pick the regular guavas, the ones with pink flesh or the Thai variety, they’re all rich in vitamins and minerals and are great as an addition on their own or in your salad or smoothie.
In the hot summers, you can deseed the guavas and then freeze them and blend them to make a yummy guava sorbet to beat the heat.
Guavas are a magical fruit. It is low in calories yet packed with nutrients. The pale yellow or light green guavas are the ripest. It’s mild sweetness and soft flesh make it a delicious choice of fruit.
It is fibre-rich and full of vitamins and minerals. The immunity-boosting and skin-healing vitamin C is abundant in them. It is a diabetic-friendly fruit and also promotes the functioning of a healthy heart.
Guava leaf extracts have immense power. Therefore, they aid in digestion and relieve menstrual pain. Some studies even say they have anti-cancer properties.
The bottom line is; guavas are a perfect addition to your diet. The nutrients in it will alter your health for the better. Add it to your grocery list to benefit from its goodness.
Eat guava daily if you want a surge of vitamin C for better immunity or simply a tasty, healthy option that you can have in different ways.
Disclaimer: The purpose of this article is just to disperse knowledge and raise awareness. It does not intend to replace medical advice from professionals. For further information please contact our certified nutritionists Here
A. Yes, guava is a rich source of vitamin C. 100 grams of guava contain approximately 228 grams of vitamin C.
A. You can consume one to two guavas daily.
A. Guava is a rich source of fructose. Our bodies cannot digest a large quantity of these elements. Hence, many might experience bloated stomachs after having too many guavas, as it disrupts smooth bowel systems.
A. Guava is the perfect fruit for those who are trying to lose weight. It is low in calories yet rich in fibre content. It gives a feeling of fullness for a longer duration. The nutrients in guavas make it a healthy option during weight loss.
A. Guava leaf extracts help to manage diabetes, if not prevent it. Drinking leaf extract tea after a meal reduces blood sugar levels. It offers a significant reduction in blood sugar in type 2 diabetic patients. In addition, its low glycaemic index and high fibre content help to maintain sugar levels.
A. You can include 1 to 2 guavas in a day. You can eat them as mid-day snacks, either in mid-morning or evening.
A. 80 to 100 grams of guava is ideal as one portion in a day.
A. No, guava seeds have numerous health benefits because of their high fibre content. These benefits include relieving constipation, acidity and promoting satiety.
A. The high fibre in guava can cause diarrhoea and bloating if consumed in excess.
A. Any fruit such as guava is best consumed as a midday snack. It can also be added to your breakfast as a smoothie or in a salad as well.
A. There are numerous benefits to consuming guavas. Some include weight loss, lowered blood sugar, improved eyesight, improved heart health, reduced risk of cancer, etc.
A. People with eczema or other skin conditions should avoid consuming guava leaf extracts since they might irritate their skin further. People scheduled for surgery should also avoid eating guavas in the two weeks leading up to it. It may worsen the risk of bleeding during/post-surgery.
A. It can be used for pain, diabetes, stomach and intestinal problems, menstrual cramps, wound healing, and high blood pressure.
A. Yes, any part of the guava can be eaten raw. However, make sure to wash the outer surface/rind before eating.
A. Pink guavas are better since they contain less sugar and starch.
A. Guavas contain a lot of fructose which is a type of natural sugar.
A. Yes, guavas can boost one’s immune system due to the presence of vitamin C.
A. No, guava does not cause weight gain. Its high-fibre content can help reduce your hunger and thus, help you lose weight. It’s also on the lower end of the calorie scale.
A. No, guavas help prevent and/or cure a bad cough or cold. However, try to avoid consuming it at night.
A. Steer clear of acidic teas after eating guava. However, you can drink oolong tea, white tea or black tea after eating guava.
A. There isn’t any conclusive evidence regarding whether guava leaves can clean the uterus. However, it can help reduce menstrual pain and blood clotting.
A. Eating too many guavas may lead to the formation of kidney stones. However, if you eat guavas in moderation, you will reap the benefits mentioned in this article.
A. Bananas are the best fruit to eat at night since they contain vitamin E, healthy fats, and magnesium.
A. Guava leaves can help in reducing weight. However, it cannot help you reduce fat in only one specific part of your body.
A. Yes, due to the presence of citric and malic acids, guavas have a pH level of around 3-4.
A. No, eating guavas at night does not increase your weight.
A. Yes, guava leaf extracts can help in wound healing.
A. Since guavas are rich in vitamin C, it is best not to consume them with milk. It can cause digestive issues or acidity.
A. Yes, they can. However, people with diabetes must keep track of their blood sugar levels since guavas can lower one’s blood sugar.