Chickpeas Benefits – Nutrition, Weight Loss & Recipes
June 21, 2022
June 21, 2022
Chickpeas are one of the most sought after legumes in the world. They serve as ingredients in various cuisines, including the Middle East, India, Israel, Spain, and North Africa. This traditional bean has its origins in the Middle East. Its cultivation started as early as 7,500 years ago. Today, chickpeas have become an essential ingredient in many household kitchens.
Also called garbanzo beans and Ceci, they are small in size. They are usually available in dry form. And it is necessary to soak and cook them before consumption. The consumption of chickpeas can be from a can, ground up into flour, stewed, or even pureed. When cooked, chickpeas have a grainy texture and nutty taste, making them an excellent accompaniment with many other foods. Apart from being very tasty, chickpeas are rich in fibre, minerals, and vitamins.
They offer many health benefits, like reducing the risk factors of diseases, weight management, and improving digestion. Chickpeas are also very high in plant-based protein. The high-protein content in them makes them one of the best meat replacement ingredients. Thus, chickpeas are an essential part of vegan and vegetarian diets.
Chickpeas have a unique nutrition profile. In just a single 28-gram serving, there are 102 calories and only 729 calories in one cup (200 grams) of boiled chickpeas. Nearly 67% of its weight comprises carbs, while the remaining chickpea consists of protein and fat.
Did you know that one cup of chickpeas provides up to 40% of your required amount of daily fibre, 70% of folate and 22% of iron? In addition, they have a low glycemic index. It means that your body digests this legume slowly, which helps you feel full for longer and prevents spikes in blood glucose levels.
Listed below is the nutritional profile of a 28-gram serving of boiled/cooked chickpeas:
Chickpeas are a known ingredient in combating excess weight because they are low in calories compared to the number of nutrients they provide. Suppose you eat low-calorie, high-fibre foods like chickpeas daily.
In that case, you are highly likely to experience weight loss, especially when combined with some exercise. In addition, the high fibre and protein content in chickpeas promote weight loss. Both the ingredients slow down your digestion and increase satiety levels.
A weight-loss study shows that people who consumed chickpeas regularly were 53% more likely to fit within a lower body mass index. Compared to those who didn’t consume chickpeas, they also had a lower waist circumference. Another research study found that consuming chickpeas every day increased weight loss by 25%.
Besides weight loss, there are several other health benefits of consuming chickpeas. They are as follows:
Chickpeas have a low glycemic index. Low GI means that chickpeas take time to be absorbed and digested by your body. This quality help regulate blood sugar levels, making sure they don’t go up too fast. In addition, chickpeas are a great source of protein. Studies have shown that consuming foods rich in protein will help maintain healthy blood glucose levels.
The American Diabetes Association recommends chickpeas as a source of fibre for people with diabetes. A 2014 study states that eating around 30g of fibre every day could reduce inflammation in individuals living with type 1 diabetes. Ideally, the recommended dosage for adults is 28.0 grams of fibre a day.
Another 2014 meta-analysis linked high fibre intake with a reduced risk of type 2 diabetes. So that’s why dieticians always state that a diabetes-friendly meal plan should include chickpeas.
Chickpeas contain calcium, iron and magnesium, all necessary minerals that promote healthy and strong bone structure. Therefore, incorporating them into your daily diet is an excellent way of preventing osteoporosis. First, however, make sure to get rid of its phytates by soaking them beforehand. Phytates may prevent your body from absorbing the calcium present in chickpeas.
Consuming chickpeas can help increase your potassium levels. Chickpeas are naturally high in this mineral. You should add chickpeas to your diet to meet your daily potassium requirements. A cup of chickpeas (200g) has 1,750 mg of potassium. Studies have shown that potassium is helpful in the prevention and treatment of high blood pressure. Adults should consume 4,700 mg of potassium every day.
If you’re planning to use canned chickpeas, pay attention to the sodium level in the ingredient listing. It is always best to cook with dry chickpeas to control and limit the sodium you consume. Recommendations suggest that you keep your sodium level below 2,300 each day to prevent cardiovascular disease.
Chickpeas are high in B-vitamins, fibre, selenium, iron, and magnesium, ingredients that support heart health. For example, dietary fibre decreases the risk of developing heart disease because it lowers blood cholesterol levels. In addition, a research study has shown that the soluble fibre present in chickpeas reduces “bad” cholesterol and triglycerides, reducing the risk of heart disease.
Free radicals are the cause of cancer. These are toxic substances that accumulate in the body due to poor metabolism. As toxin levels rise, cell damage occurs, causing a variety of health issues, including cancer.
Chickpeas contain antioxidants such as beta carotene and selenium. These are vital in removing free radicals. In a single cup of chickpeas, there is 6.1 mcg of selenium. The recommended daily requirement of selenium for adults is 55 mcg. Selenium is a powerful antioxidant that is capable of protecting the body from developing cancer. This antioxidant coupled with fibre can help reduce your chances of developing cancer.
In addition, chickpeas contain a short-chain fatty acid called butyrate, which studies have shown can reduce inflammation in the colon cells. This ingredient helps to reduce cell growth and division and cause programmed cell death instead. Therefore, it helps lessen the risk of colorectal cancer.
As mentioned earlier, chickpeas contain dietary fibre, an ingredient that helps reduce your cholesterol levels. The findings of a 2006 study show that participants who consumed chickpeas regularly had low LDL (low-density lipoprotein) levels compared to those who only ate a wheat-based diet. The researchers pointed out that the high fibre content in chickpeas was responsible for reducing the harmful cholesterol levels.
In a single cup of chickpeas, there is 69.7 mg of choline. Choline is an essential mineral for the nervous system and brain function. Choline plays a vital role in learning, memory, mood regulation, metabolism, and muscle control. The daily recommended intake of choline for adults is 400 to 550 mg.
The recommended quantity can vary according to gender and conditions, like whether you’re breastfeeding or pregnant. In addition, the selenium content in chickpeas supports thinking and memory. A study examining the cognitive decline in the elderly found a decreased level of selenium.
Studies have also shown that some of the other nutrients found in chickpeas like magnesium, zinc, and selenium may play a role in protecting the brain against depression. However, another study also linked magnesium with anxiety and migraines.
Chickpeas are an excellent source of fibre, especially soluble fibre. Soluble fibre can help prevent any unhealthy bacteria overgrowth while also increasing the growth of healthy bacteria in your gut. Studies have shown that consuming a high-fibre diet reduces your risk of developing digestive issues like colorectal cancer. It also helps keep your bowel movements regular and promotes good gut health.
If you’re trying to lose weight or stay within a healthy weight range, then chickpeas are your ally. In addition, the dietary fibre in them acts as a bulking agent. As a result, chickpeas will make you feel fuller for a longer time. In addition, their high protein content also contributes to reducing your appetite and, therefore, limiting your caloric intake.
Iron is an essential mineral in the body. It helps the red blood cells carry and deliver oxygen to the entire body. When there is an iron deficiency present in the body, it can cause tiredness and weakness. In addition, some life-threatening health conditions may arise due to low iron levels. Chickpeas are an excellent source of iron. A single cup of chickpeas contains around 26% of the daily value. Chickpeas also consist of some vitamin C. A recent study found that combining vitamin C and iron may help increase the body’s ability to absorb iron.
You can easily include chickpeas into your diet. Listed below are two popular recipes that use this versatile ingredient.
Historically, chickpeas are legumes that are from the Middle East. However, chickpeas are now famous worldwide. This small bean has a delicious nutty and buttery flavour, making it an excellent ingredient in many cuisines. Chickpeas also play a vital role in promoting health and preventing diseases. So make chickpeas a part of your daily diet and stay fit for life.
A. Chickpeas have an average of 18 grams of carbohydrates and 5 grams of protein. Therefore, they are a rich source of both carbohydrates and protein.
A. Chickpeas are a great source of protein and dietary fibre, two nutrients that help control weight.
A. Chickpeas are a superfood consisting of protein, fibre, and nutrients such as calcium, iron and more.
A. People should not eat raw chickpeas or other raw pulses, as they contain toxins and problematic substances to digest. In addition, even cooked chickpeas have complex sugars that can be difficult to digest and lead to intestinal gas and discomfort.
A. Yes, it is okay to eat them every day. They can help reduce your “bad” cholesterol, thereby reducing your risk of heart disease.
A. No, they don’t. On the contrary, they help you lose weight since they contain fibre which helps you feel full for longer.
A. No, chicken has more protein than chickpeas. There is 27g of protein in chicken, consisting of 239 calories. There is 14.5g of protein in chickpeas, comprised of 269 calories.
A. Eating too many chickpeas in one sitting can cause bloating and nausea. So, remember to eat in moderation!
A. Yes, eating too many chickpeas can cause gas.
A. No, chickpeas cannot be eaten raw as they contain toxins and are difficult for your body to digest. If you eat them raw, they may give you food poisoning.
A. The vitamin A and zinc present in chickpeas help prevent hair loss and dandruff.
A. Yes, chickpeas are helpful since they are a good source of protein and lower your blood sugar levels.
A. Unless you are allergic to chickpeas or other legumes, they’re unlikely to cause any inflammation. Chickpeas contain anti-inflammatory properties.
A. Yes, chickpeas can help reduce your “bad” cholesterol.
A. There are 19 grams of protein in 100 grams of boiled chickpeas.
A. There are 364 calories in 100 grams of raw chickpeas.