Broccoli is an edible green and crunchy plant which is eaten either cooked or raw. The flower buds and stalks of broccoli are edible. The botanical name of broccoli is Brassica oleracea var. Italica, with its roots in primitive cultivars grown in the Roman Empire.
It’s interesting to know that broccoli stems from the Italian plural of broccoli, which means “the flowering crest of a cabbage”, and is the diminutive form of brocco, meaning “small nail” or “sprout”.
It resembles a miniature tree, and there are three main varieties:
- Calabrese broccoli
- Sprouting broccoli
- Purple cauliflower
It is abundant in nutritional benefits and contains metabolites, vitamins, and antioxidants that exert antimutagenic effects.
In addition, it is rich in calcium, iron, phosphorus, potassium, zinc, thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, vitamins A, B6, B12, D, E and K and folate. It also contains anti-cancerous compounds and antioxidants.
Physical Structure of Broccoli
Fresh broccoli is a dark green that grows 60–90 cm (24–35 inches) tall. It is jam-packed with clusters of green flower buds at the ends of the central axis and the branches. It thrives in moderate to cool climates, and the flowers harvest in two to three months, depending on the range of weather.
The Indian variety comes in sprouting broccoli containing immature green buds and thick fleshy flower stalks forming a head. The primary types are KTS-I, Solan Green, Lucky, Fiesta, Pushpa, Aishwarya, PalamVichitra.
Uses of Broccoli
Broccoli has immense medicinal properties; the parts that grow above the ground make medicines. In addition, it is popular in the therapeutic system for its chemical properties that have cancer-preventing and antioxidant effects. It is a cure for high cholesterol, fibromyalgia, and also prevents several types of cancer and other conditions.
Nutritional Facts of Broccoli
- The nutritional values per 80g of boiled broccoli are:
- 22 kcals/96KJ
- 2.6g protein
- 0.4g fat
- 2.2g carbohydrates
- 2.2g fibre
- 478mcg carotene
- 35mg vitamin C
10 Proven Health Benefits of Broccoli
Broccoli contains a whole host of vitamins, minerals, bio-active compounds, and antioxidants that help keep our bodies as healthy as possible. But, what are some other benefits of this stalky, green vegetable? Let’s find out below:
1. Broccoli Reduces Inflammation
Its high antioxidant profile makes it a contender for fighting inflammation. For example, Kaempferol, a natural flavonol present in this vegetable, is especially good at reducing inflammation.
2. Broccoli Protects Against Cancer
Many studies have shown that cruciferous vegetables, including broccoli, are great at protecting our cells from unwanted invaders. The vegetable contains sulforaphane, a compound with potent anti-cancer properties that help reduce cell damage due to the disease.
3. Broccoli Controls Blood Sugar
For those with diabetes, broccoli can be especially effective at controlling blood sugar. The soluble fibre in broccoli helps regulate blood sugar by slowing down digestion, which then slows down the absorption of sugar and prevents blood sugar spikes.
4. Broccoli Improves Bone Health
It has a high amount of vitamin K, which helps improve calcium absorption. People suffering from low vitamin K may experience more bone fractures as well as weak and brittle bones. So add broccoli to your foods for healthy and strong bones in the long run.
5. Broccoli Contains Anticoagulant Properties
It can do wonders for your skin, hair, and nails. It is abundant in vitamin C and thus helps reduce skin damage, reduce wrinkles and improve the look and feel of your skin. Also, the natural form of vitamin C in broccoli forms collagen, which helps support the skin’s elasticity.
6. Broccoli Aids in Better Digestion
Eating foods high in fibre is vital in regulating your digestive system. Maintaining a healthy digestive system is critical to release out daily toxins and protect yourself from colon cancer. For example, eating broccoli, cooked or raw, can reduce constipation and keep your digestive tract moving.
7. Broccoli Improves Brain Function
The nutrients found in it can help maintain healthy brain and tissue function. For example, sulforaphane, found in broccoli, can support the brain and encourage oxygenation.
In addition, vitamin K can strengthen cognitive abilities and support nervous system functioning. It also contains folic acid, which can ward off Alzheimer’s disease and choline, keeping memory function intact.
8. Broccoli Improves Heart Health
LDL (Low-density lipoprotein) or “bad” cholesterol can increase your risk of heart disease. It lowers this risk by reducing LDL cholesterol and increasing HDL/”good” cholesterol.
9. Broccoli Good for Eye Health
It contains beta-carotene, which is converted into vitamin A to fight night–blindness. It also has carotenoids, lutein and zeaxanthin, which prevent age-related eye disorders and degeneration.
10. Broccoli Supports Hormonal Balance
It influences oestrogen metabolism, shifting it to a favourable hormonal composition.
How Does Broccoli Help with Weight Loss?
It has a connection in aiding weight loss. Many consume its dark green florets and the stalk; some of the reasons for this are:
- Broccoli is a fibre-rich vegetable. High fibrous foods tend to slow down the rate of digestion. The soluble fibre absorbs water and creates a gel in your digestive tract, thereby making you feel “full” for long.
- Moreover, ghrelin is a particular hormone that signals your body when it’s hungry. The fibre also helps to reduce the secretion of ghrelin, further suppressing your appetite.
- Consuming small portions of it can promote a feeling of fullness for long hours.
- It is shallow in calories, which allows for their intake in larger quantities as well. Therefore, it makes an excellent option to snack.
- Broccoli is 90% water and has supporting nutrients that play their role in weight loss.
- It contains a negligible amount of fats, which is an added advantage.
Healthy Recipes Using Broccoli Soup
There are multiple ways to consume broccoli. From effortless salads to fancy Italian cuisine, its use is versatile. Two simple recipes are:
Recipe 1 – Roasted Garlic Lemon Broccoli
Roasted Garlic Lemon broccoli is a healthy and delicious accompaniment made from its florets, lemon juice and garlic.
- Broccoli, separated into florets – 2 heads
- Extra virgin oil – 2 teaspoons
- Sea salt – 1 teaspoon
- Black pepper – ½ teaspoons
- Garlic, minced – 1 clove
- Lemon juice – ½ teaspoon
- Toss the florets in a large bowl with extra virgin olive oil, sea salt, pepper and garlic.
- Spread them out in an even layer on a baking sheet.
- Preheat the oven to 400 degrees F (200 degrees C).
- Bake the florets in the preheated oven until florets are tender enough to pierce with a fork for 15-20 minutes.
- Remove and transfer to a serving platter; squeeze lemon juice liberally over the florets before serving for a refreshing and flavourful finish.
Recipe 2 – Broccoli Soup
It is a fantastic blend of broccoli’s divine creaminess without any cream—a perfect example of delicious healthy food.
- Broccoli – 500 gms
- Onion (finely chopped) – ½ cups
- Garlic cloves – 12
- Olive oil – 1 tablespoon
- Water – 2 cups
- Milk – ½ cups
- Nutmeg powder – ¼ teaspoon
- Black pepper – ½ teaspoon
- Salt to taste
- Chop the broccoli into florets and soak them in water for 10 minutes.
- After 10 minutes, drain all the water, rinse again, drain and prepare the broccoli for soup.
- Heat a saucepan, add olive oil, chopped garlic and onions and sauté until the onions turn translucent.
- Add the blanched and drained florets along with some water to cook and salt to taste.
- Cook this until the florets are tender, switch off the flame and allow it to cool.
- Transfer the florets into a mixture grinder and blend it without water.
- Transfer the mixture into the saucepan, add nutmeg powder, black pepper and allow it to boil.
- Add milk to the soup and serve it with accompaniments of your choice.
In recent times, vegetables are more than just a source of nourishment; consumers are looking for functional and nutritionally active foods. Broccoli is a powerhouse vegetable high in fibre, low in fat, and full of vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants. In addition, it contains high amounts of vitamin C and K and antioxidants, which lend potent benefits to the body and the mind.
Adding broccoli to your diet is a great way to lose weight by increasing your fibre while minimizing extra calories and fat. The benefits are endless, and it’s no wonder this cruciferous vegetable is one of the most popular vegetables in the world
Broccoli – Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Q. Can you consume broccoli throughout the year?
A. Yes, you can have it any time of the year.
Q. How to consume broccoli in the right way?
A. Both the florets and stems of broccoli are entirely safe to eat.
Q. Should you start your day with broccoli?
A. Starting the day with broccoli has many benefits. It helps to kick-start the metabolism as well as detoxification. It also increases energy levels and keeps one alert.
Q. Does broccoli contain seasonal benefits?
A. Broccoli’s consumption in its peak season (fall) reaps benefits since it has a higher vitamin C content than the one grown during the spring.
Q. How many calories are there in broccoli?
A. It has 100 calories per 300 gms.