World Asthma Day: Uncover the Facts to Breathe Better
May 6, 2022
May 6, 2022
Asthma is a chronic respiratory disease where the airways get narrowed, swelled, and produce extra mucus, thus disturbing the breathing cycle. However, during an asthma (or)attack or episode, swelling of the airway’s lining increases, muscles surrounding the airways tighten, and thick mucus clog the tiny airways making it difficult to breathe.
However, according to Indian health statistics 2021, Asthma is one of the major health burdens in the country, at around 93 million people, out of which nearly 37 million are asthmatics. This unfortunate condition, leads India to cause 11.1% of the global asthma burden and 42% of related deaths by becoming the world’s asthma capital.
For some people, asthma is a minor ailment. For others, it can be a major problem that interferes with daily activities and may lead to life-threatening problems. However, not all people with asthma have the same symptoms, but the most common symptoms are:
Every year, the 5th of May is observed as “World Asthma Day”, declared by the Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) in the year 1998. It is celebrated to create awareness about this health condition, asthma which has now become a serious global concern.
There are several asthma triggers. So, let’s learn about those.
Regularly tracking and assessing the health of the lungs plays a significant role in maintaining good respiratory health. Individuals with asthma should take an active role in managing their asthma treatment and preventing themselves from asthma attacks.
Three basic steps asthmatics should be followed to prevent themselves from long term asthma effects:
Even though your doctor records your results, it is better to note down your everyday symptoms and the action of your lungs in an asthma diary. This diary can help you identify if you need to make treatment adjustments according to your asthma action plan. Keeping a record of your symptoms is an ideal way to check progress or regress. These are some of the key points that you can mention.
When your lungs aren’t working as well as they should be, you may need to adjust your prescribed medications accordingly. Your self-written asthma action plan, along with your test results will help you know exactly when and how to make adjustments.
A few long-term medications that will help to achieve and maintain control of persistent asthma are: Singulair, Flovent, Advair, Pulmicort, Symbicort, and QVAR.
A few quick-relief medications that help to control asthma symptoms are- Albuterol (ProAir HFA, Proventil HFA, Ventolin HFA), Levalbuterol (Xopenex HFA), Metaproterenol, Terbutaline.
These are prescribed drugs and should be consumed only after a consultation with a medical professional.
When you have asthma, your airways react to many different things in the environment called asthma triggers (causes and triggers from the healthify asthma blog). Contact with these triggers causes asthma symptoms to start or worsen and may lead to an asthma attack.
The medical and research community around the world is still searching for new drugs to prevent and relieve asthma symptoms.
In the latest news, The U.S. Food and Drug Administration recently approved an injectable drug called Tezspire. This drug must be administered every four weeks by a healthcare professional. Tezspire is unique because it is not limited to a specific type of severe asthma. It primarily targets molecules that play a role in airway inflammation.
People with asthma are generally at a higher risk of respiratory infections. Upon the onset of COVID-19, it can affect the respiratory tract (nose, throat, lungs), cause an asthma attack, and potentially lead to pneumonia and acute pulmonary disease. As a result, asthmatics need to be extra cautious during these times to prevent themselves from getting sick.
Asthma is a non-infectious and most common chronic disease that occurs in people of all ages. Hence, World Asthma Day is annually held to spread awareness among people about early self-diagnosis, and maintaining precautions, and treatments. It is also meant to encourage people to live a normal healthy life.
However, are you or any of your family members suffering from asthma? Do you need expert advice to manage this condition? HealthifyMe works towards your overall wellness, so we advise you to make an appointment with your allergist or pulmonologist today.