Home Remedies for Thyroid Problems: A DIY Guide

Parul Dube

January 19, 2023

Millions of people worldwide are affected by thyroid disorders, namely hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism. The thyroid is a small gland in the neck that regulates the body’s metabolism and energy levels.

When the thyroid is not functioning as it should, it can lead to various symptoms, including weight changes, fatigue, and mood variations. 

In India, thyroid disorders are prevalent, with an estimated 42 million people suffering from thyroid dysfunction. It is essential to recognise the early signs of thyroid disorders and seek medical advice as soon as possible to lead a healthy life. 

This article will look at how to naturally address thyroid problems instead of entirely relying on medications and surgery.

We will highlight some home remedies for thyroid problems and discuss the best ways to eliminate them.

Overview of Thyroid Issues

There are two main types of thyroid disorders: hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism. Hypothyroidism is when the thyroid gland does not produce enough hormones, resulting in fatigue, weight gain, and cold intolerance.

On the other hand, hyperthyroidism is a condition in which the thyroid gland produces too many hormones, leading to symptoms like weight loss, rapid heart rate, and anxiety. 

The underlying causes of thyroid disorders are not fully understood yet. However, possible contributing factors include iodine deficiency, radiation exposure, and certain autoimmune diseases. These factors raise the risk of developing thyroid disorders.

Home Remedies for Thyroid 

Research shows that the best approach to manage and fight against thyroid problems is to reduce inflammation, oxidative stress, and hormone management.

To do this, one must consume anti-inflammatory foods and avoid those that cause inflammation. Additionally, one must include foods that contain nutrients known to regulate the thyroid hormone in one’s diet. 

Some home remedies to tackle thyroid issues are as follows:


The herb ashwagandha has been used in Ayurvedic medicine for centuries. Research has shown that it can help balance thyroid hormones.

As a result, it is beneficial in both hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism. Ashwagandha also reduces inflammation, thus facilitating the treatment of thyroid disorders. 

One can consume ashwagandha as a supplement or use it as a spice in cooking.

Holy Basil

Tulsi, or holy basil, is an Ayurvedic herb with anti-inflammatory benefits. In addition, it can adjust the production of thyroid hormones. Hence, it is beneficial in controlling thyroid issues. One can use tulsi as an ingredient in tea or spice when cooking.


Ginger has anti-inflammatory properties, which can help improve symptoms associated with hypothyroidism. Its consumption helps reduce levels of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH).

As a result, it leads to an alleviation of hypothyroid symptoms. Research also proves ginger’s efficiency in regulating thyroid hormones.

One can consume ginger in their tea or add it to food as a spice.


Turmeric, with its active ingredient curcumin, is a potent anti-inflammatory agent. As a result, it is beneficial for those with thyroid disorders. 

Curcumin in turmeric can reduce inflammation and regulate the production of thyroid hormones. 

One can enjoy turmeric in its tea or add it to food for a flavourful boost.

Apple Cider Vinegar

Apple cider vinegar has many health benefits, one of them being the regulation of the thyroid. Its ability to balance the pH levels in the body helps boost thyroid function. 

To use apple cider vinegar as a remedy for thyroid issues, mix one tablespoon with a glass of water and drink daily.

Coconut Oil

If you are looking for a home remedy to help with thyroid issues, consider consuming one tablespoon of  virgin coconut oil daily. 

Coconut oil is high in medium-chain fatty acids, which can help improve thyroid function, and is also a good source of lauric acid, which has anti-inflammatory effects.

Green Tea

Consuming two to three cups of green tea daily may be an excellent home remedy for thyroid problems.

That is due to its high antioxidant content and anti-inflammatory effects. Research has also suggested that green tea may help improve thyroid function. However, more research can only help strengthen the claim.

Eat Probiotics

Yoghurt, apple cider vinegar, kefir, kombucha, and tempeh can help the thyroid gland stabilise, reducing thyroid-related symptoms and improving gastrointestinal health. Probiotics are essential for this purpose.

Always Cook Your Greens

If you have thyroid gland issues, it is essential to cook your spinach, cabbage, Brussels sprouts, broccoli, and cauliflower.

That is because raw cruciferous vegetables contain “goitrogens”, which interfere with the thyroid gland’s ability to produce thyroid hormones, consequently reducing its efficiency.

Add Specific Nutrients that Improve Thyroid Health

Research suggests the beneficial role of some nutrients in maintaining thyroid health.

  • Iodine is a crucial mineral needed for the production of thyroid hormones. One can get it from seaweed, dairy products, and fish. 
  • Selenium is a trace mineral used to convert the hormone T4 into the active form T3. One can obtain it from Brazil nuts, tuna, and whole grains. 
  • Zinc is another mineral needed to produce thyroid hormones. You can get it from oysters, beef, and poultry. 
  • Tyrosine is an amino acid that is the building block of thyroid hormones. One can get it from eggs, dairy products, and poultry. 
  • Vitamin A is needed to regulate the health of the thyroid hormone. One can get it from carrots, sweet potatoes, and dark leafy greens.

Indulge in Thyroid Stimulating Exercises

Regular exercise can benefit those suffering from thyroid problems. It can help with weight management and mood and sleep issues. However, it is essential to remember that exercise alone cannot cure the underlying issue; patients must follow their doctor’s treatment plan and maintain an exercise routine.

Start slowly with gentler exercises like pilates or yoga if you have thyroid issues. Once you’re comfortable, you can increase the duration of your workouts and add weight training. It will help alleviate symptoms of thyroid issues without over-exerting yourself.

Talk to a Nutritionist

If you’re battling thyroid issues, consulting a registered nutritionist is one of the best strategies. A nutritionist can better assess your health status and create a customised plan to help you manage the issue and improve your overall health. You can speak to a HealthifyMe nutritionist to develop a plan for tackling thyroid problems.

The HealthifyMe Note

Natural remedies are a beneficial way to manage thyroid disorders. These remedies may help improve thyroid function and reduce symptoms like weight gain or loss, fatigue, and mood changes. However, it is essential to consult a doctor before using these remedies as they cannot replace traditional medical treatment and may even interfere with medications. If you are experiencing thyroid disorder symptoms, speak to a healthcare professional for proper diagnosis and treatment.

How to get rid of thyroid problems naturally

Some natural ways to get rid of thyroid issues naturally include the following:

Eating a Balanced Diet

A diet incorporating lots of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean protein, and healthy fats can benefit the thyroid. In addition, a balanced diet aids the thyroid gland’s performance. It is also advisable to avoid processed foods and those with high levels of sugar and saturated fat.

Stress Management

Stress can harm the functioning of the thyroid. To limit the effects of stress on the thyroid, one can participate in activities like yoga, meditation, and exercise that can reduce stress levels.

Adequate Sleep

Getting adequate rest is essential for good health and well-being. Not getting enough sleep can interfere with thyroid functioning. A goal of 7-9 hours of sleep per night can help to maintain thyroid health.

Get Enough Iodine

Iodine is essential to regulate the production of thyroid hormones. Hence, consuming foods rich in iodine, such as seaweed, fish, and dairy products, is critical.

Taking Herbal Supplements

Herbs like ashwagandha, holy basil, and turmeric are beneficial in treating thyroid problems. One can take them as supplements or add them to foods for flavour. However, speaking to a healthcare professional before taking any herbal supplements is vital to ensure they don’t interact negatively with any other medications you may be taking.


Thyroid issues may cause weight gain or loss, fatigue, and mood swings. While there are medical treatments, many people opt for natural remedies such as apple cider vinegar, coconut oil, lemon water, green tea, and ashwagandha.

In addition, lifestyle modifications that include eating a healthy diet, exercising, reducing stress, and avoiding toxins can help improve thyroid function and minimise symptoms. However, it is always advisable to consult a healthcare professional for proper diagnosis and treatment.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Q. How can I treat my thyroid myself?

A. While it is essential to speak with a healthcare professional for proper diagnosis and treatment of thyroid problems, natural remedies may help alleviate symptoms. These include eating a healthy, balanced diet, reducing stress, exercising regularly, getting enough sleep, avoiding exposure to environmental toxins, and considering supplements such as ashwagandha and coconut oil. Self-treatment is not generally advisable.

Q. What foods reduce thyroid levels?

A. Eating cruciferous vegetables, like cauliflower, cabbage, Brussels sprouts, and kale, as well as high-fibre foods, like oats, nuts, and beans, can help reduce thyroid levels. Adding iodine-rich foods like seaweed and seafood to your diet may also be beneficial. Moreover, foods high in selenium, such as Brazil nuts, mushrooms, and tuna, can help reduce thyroid levels. That is because they contain compounds that help regulate the action of the thyroid gland, which can lead to lower production of thyroid hormones.

Q. Which fruit is good for thyroid?

A. Although no single fruit benefits thyroid health, consuming various fruits and vegetables benefits the thyroid gland and overall health. Fruits high in nutrients that promote thyroid health, such as iodine and vitamin C, include bananas, oranges, and strawberries.

Q. Which exercise is best for thyroid?

A. Regular physical activity can benefit thyroid health and overall well-being. Walking, jogging, swimming, and strength training are some exercises that may be particularly helpful. However, before beginning a new exercise program, it is essential to consult a healthcare professional or a personal trainer to ensure safety and appropriateness for individual needs and goals.

Q. Which drink is good for thyroid patients?

A. No single beverage stands out as particularly beneficial for thyroid health, but drinking plenty of fluids is essential for good health. It may be helpful for people with thyroid issues. Water is the best option for hydration, but other beverages, such as herbal teas and coconut water, may also be helpful. 

Research Sources

1. Unnikrishnan AG, Menon UV. Thyroid disorders in India: An epidemiological perspective. Indian J Endocrinol Metab. 2011 Jul;15(Suppl 2):S78-81. doi: 10.4103/2230-8210.83329. PMID: 21966658; PMCID: PMC3169866.

2. Mancini A, Di Segni C, Raimondo S, Olivieri G, Silvestrini A, Meucci E, Currò D. Thyroid Hormones, Oxidative Stress, and Inflammation. Mediators Inflamm. 2016;2016:6757154. doi: 10.1155/2016/6757154. Epub 2016 Mar 8. PMID: 27051079; PMCID: PMC4802023.

3. Sharma AK, Basu I, Singh S. Efficacy and Safety of Ashwagandha Root Extract in Subclinical Hypothyroid Patients: A Double-Blind, Randomized Placebo-Controlled Trial. J Altern Complement Med. 2018 Mar;24(3):243-248. doi: 10.1089/acm.2017.0183. Epub 2017 Aug 22. PMID: 28829155.

4. Ashraf H, Heydari M, Shams M, Zarshenas MM, Tavakoli A, Sayadi M. Efficacy of Ginger Supplementation in Relieving Persistent Hypothyroid Symptoms in Patients with Controlled Primary Hypothyroidism: A Pilot Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2022 Jan 20;2022:5456855. Doi: 10.1155/2022/5456855. PMID: 35096113; PMCID: PMC8794674.

5. Triggiani V, Tafaro E, Giagulli VA, Sabbà C, Resta F, Licchelli B, Guastamacchia E. Role of iodine, selenium and other micronutrients in thyroid function and disorders. Endocr Metab Immune Disord Drug Targets. 2009 Sep;9(3):277-94. doi: 10.2174/187153009789044392. Epub 2009 Sep 1. PMID: 19594417.

About the Author

Parul holds a Masters of Medical Science in Public Health Nutrition from the University of Glasgow, Scotland, and has worked across the globe from the U.K to New Zealand (NZ) gaining her License with the Health Professionals Council (HPC, UK) and the NZ Nutrition Council. From being a Gold medalist in Clinical Nutrition to being awarded an internship with World Health Organisation (WHO, Cairo, Egypt) and Contracts with CDC Parul has had a wide spectrum of work experiences. She is very passionate about Nutrition and Fitness and holds strong to her guiding mantras ‘ Move more’ and ‘Eat Food that your grandmother can recognize’!

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