Diabetes and Hypoglycemia: All You Need to Know
November 18, 2022
November 18, 2022
The body uses glucose as a primary source of energy. Hypoglycemia is a state of having blood sugar (glucose) levels that are below normal.
Diabetes treatment frequently involves managing hypoglycemia. However, individuals without diabetes can experience low blood sugar due to various medications and a wide range of ailments, many of which are unusual.
Studies say diabetes patients may have hypoglycemia if their bodies produce excessive insulin. If you have diabetes and use too much insulin, you may also experience hypoglycemia.
Studies note that a fasting blood sugar of 70 mg/dL, or 3.9 mmol/L, or less, should be a warning sign for hypoglycemia. Hence, treatment must start immediately to curb the adverse effects of hypoglycemia.
Nowadays, devices like continuous glucose monitors can help you prevent hypoglycemia. It lets you know whenever your blood glucose levels go too low or too high.
HealthifyPro 2.0 by the digital health platform, HealthifyMe helps you measure your blood glucose levels. The BIOS continuously tracks your blood glucose levels. The data will get sent to you, and your coaches will provide you with the necessary advice and tips to improve your health.
Low blood glucose is more likely to occur if you
Each individual responds differently to changes in their blood sugar levels. If someone has hypoglycemia, they might experience:
Studies also say that the following symptoms can appear when hypoglycemia worsens (chronic):
Suppose you have diabetes and experience frequent hypoglycemic episodes. In that case, your body may stop exhibiting symptoms, making it harder for your brain to detect hypoglycemia. Dangerously low blood sugar levels can result in a coma or possibly death. Consult your healthcare physician as soon as possible if you experience frequent hypoglycemic episodes so you can get it under control.
Whether you have type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, or you don’t have diabetes, there are several different causes of hypoglycemia.
With type 1 diabetes, hypoglycemia is typical. Studies note that it often occurs when you consume more insulin than your body requires to metabolise your diet, but other factors, such as
Compared to type 1, type 2 diabetes has a lower prevalence of hypoglycemia. It frequently results from:
Hypoglycemia can cause severe infections, kidney disease, advanced heart disease, and liver diseases such as severe cirrhosis or hepatitis. Additionally, kidney problems can prevent your body from adequately eliminating drugs. An accumulation of medications that lower blood sugar levels may impact glucose levels.
Drinking excessive alcohol without eating can prevent the liver from releasing glucose from its glycogen stores into the bloodstream. Studies point out that this may cause hypoglycemia.
Accidentally ingesting someone else’s oral diabetic medicine can result in hypoglycemia. Other drugs can potentially cause hypoglycemia, particularly in young patients or those with kidney disease, for example- malaria drug quinine (qualaquin). Low blood sugar in people without diabetes can be brought on by
Malnutrition and starvation can cause hypoglycemia because when you don’t eat enough food, your body uses up the glycogen stores required to produce glucose. That results in hypoglycemia.
One can develop hypoglycemia if your pancreas produces too much insulin due to a rare pancreatic tumour called an insulinoma. A surplus of insulin-like molecules can also be due to other cancers. The pancreas’ peculiar cells can cause excessive insulin release, which leads to hypoglycemia.
Specific diseases of the pituitary and adrenal glands may cause insufficient levels of certain hormones that control glucose synthesis or metabolism. For example, if a child has too little growth hormone, they may have hypoglycemia.
Hypoglycemia without diabetes (non-diabetic hypoglycemia) can be of two categories:
It happens when you don’t eat for an extended period. Any of the following factors can cause fasting hypoglycemia:
It occurs within a few hours of eating a meal. The cause of reactive hypoglycemia can be:
How does hypoglycemia result from skipping meals?
A missed meal might change how food intake and insulin production interact, which may eventually result in a decline in blood sugar levels. Skipping meals might be riskier for diabetics who depend on insulin or other blood sugar-lowering medications because it can result in low blood sugar
To diagnose hypoglycemia (low blood sugar), a person must have the following symptoms:
You can identify the cause of hypoglycemia by performing the following tests:
Managing your diabetes and your risk of low blood sugar can get affected if you start taking new drugs, alter your eating or medication schedules, or start doing more activity. Learn the warningsigns and symptoms of low blood sugar before your blood sugar levels drop too low; this can assist you in recognising and treating hypoglycemia. In addition, you can detect when your blood sugar is getting low by regularly monitoring it.
A continuous glucose monitor (CGM) is a good alternative for certain people. A CGM can transmit blood glucose levels to a receiver through a small wire implanted under the skin. Some CGM devices will alert if blood sugar levels go too low. Also, to help prevent hypoglycemia, specific insulin pumps now have CGM integration. As a result, they can stop delivering insulin when blood sugar levels are falling too quickly. Always keep a fast-acting carbohydrate on your hands, such as glucose drinks, juices, or glucose pills. It can address a dropping blood sugar level before it reaches dangerously low levels.
Several small meals throughout the day are a temporary solution for treating hypoglycemia that frequently occurs to keep blood sugar levels from falling too low. However, it would help if you had a more specialised intervention for it to be a good long-term plan. So instead, work with your health coach and nutritionist to determine and address the cause of hypoglycemia.
Immediately seek medical attention if,
For treatment, follow these steps if you experience signs of hypoglycemia:
Eat or drink 15–20 grams of quick-acting carbs. These are high-sugar, low-protein, and low-fat foods and drinks that the body may quickly turn into sugar. Try honey, glucose pills or gel, fruit juice or fruit.
After 15 minutes of treatment:
Eat a meal or a snack. Eating a nutritious snack or meal once your blood sugar has returned to normal will help avoid further blood sugar drops. Also, it will restock your body’s glycogen reserves.
Treatment for hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) includes:
Hypoglycemia occurs when there are low glucose levels in the blood. Consuming foods that contain a good amount of carbohydrates or sugars can help treat and prevent the adverse effects of low blood glucose levels. Consuming glucose-rich or sugary beverages can assist in curbing the symptoms instantly. Moreover, you can also use alternative medicines. Fruits and fruit juices are a healthy alternative that boosts energy and immunity and is a good source of sugar. Immediate treatment involves eating or drinking 15-20 grams of fast-acting carbohydrates. However, it is essential to consult a health expert to understand the underlying causes of hypoglycemia.
Blood sugar levels fluctuate throughout the day for various reasons, including when and what you consume and your physical activity and stress levels. But if you frequently have hypoglycemia or perennially feeling the symptoms, you need to take action. Although a diabetes diagnosis can be problematic, the earlier you manage your glucose and resume your favourite activities, the better.
In people with diabetes, hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) is usual. Suppose you have had diabetes before, and you continue to experience hypoglycemic symptoms. In that case, your doctor may need to modify your treatment strategy or assess you to rule out any other underlying conditions. You should still be examined if you have never been diagnosed with diabetes but exhibit hypoglycemic symptoms.